The adjoining prairie land drains into the city, which is prone to flooding. [27], All of South Houston is served by South Houston High School. The South Texas campus is located in bustling downtown Houston, within walking distance of local and federal courthouses, law firms, and some of the nation’s top corporate offices. These sediments consist of a series of sands and clays deposited on decaying organic marine matter, that over time, transformed into oil and natural gas. [293] The Houston Community College and Lone Star College systems are among the 10 largest institutions of higher learning in the United States. [115] Ground-level ozone, or smog, is Houston's predominant air pollution problem, with the American Lung Association rating the metropolitan area's ozone level twelfth on the "Most Polluted Cities by Ozone" in 2017, after major cities such as Los Angeles, Phoenix, New York City, and Denver. During the American Civil War, Houston served as a headquarters for General John Magruder, who used the city as an organization point for the Battle of Galveston. [134][135][136] For every 100 females, there were 98.5 males.[133]. Greater Houston possesses a hub-and-spoke limited-access highway system, in which a number of freeways radiate outward from Downtown, with ring roads providing connections between these radial highways at intermediate distances from the city center. Such an increase, often regarded as "CO2 urban dome," is driven by a combination of strong emissions and stagnant atmospheric conditions. [253] Other sports facilities include Hofheinz Pavilion (Houston Cougars basketball), Rice Stadium (Rice Owls football), and NRG Arena. A 2017 study by the Rice University Kinder Institute for Urban Research found that 56% of Harris County residents have a preference for dense housing in a mixed-use, walkable setting as opposed to single-family housing in a low-density area. In 2019, it was announced that HP Enterprises would relocate its global headquarters from California to the Greater Houston area. [19], The Houston area is located on land that was once home of the Karankawa (kə rang′kə wä′,-wô′,-wə) and the Atakapa (əˈtɑːkəpə) indigenous peoples for at least 2,000 years before the first known settlers arrived. [323] Notable arterial roads in the region include Westheimer Road, Memorial Drive, Texas State Highway 6, Farm to Market Road 1960, Bellaire Boulevard, and Telephone Road. [169] The same study says that area residents identifying with other religions (including Judaism, Buddhism, Islam, and Hinduism) collectively made up about 7% of the area population. South Texas has a variety of attractions and activities to fill out a full vacation itinerary. [14] In the mid-20th century, Houston's economy diversified, as it became home to the Texas Medical Center—the world's largest concentration of healthcare and research institutions—and NASA's Johnson Space Center, where the Mission Control Center is located. [345] United Airlines' share of the Houston Airport System's commercial aviation market was nearly 60% in 2017 with 16 million enplaned passengers. [37] The Brown Shipbuilding Company was founded in 1942 to build ships for the U.S. Navy during World War II. The eastern portion of South Texas is bordered by the Gulf of Mexico. [citation needed] Around 2007, more heart surgeries were performed at the Texas Medical Center than anywhere else in the world.[305]. [198], In 2006, the Houston metropolitan area ranked first in Texas and third in the U.S. within the category of "Best Places for Business and Careers" by Forbes magazine. Because of these strengths, Houston is designated as a global city by the Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network and global management consulting firm A.T. [8] Houston is the southeast anchor of the greater megaregion known as the Texas Triangle.[9]. HOUSTON'S RIDERS: 'We do ride': Houstonians show up to vote on horseback In fact, according to Larry Callies, the owner of the Black Cowboy Museum in Rosenberg, Texas… News // Houston & Texas Texas 2 South Texas believers say they saw Bigfoot Will Axford, Houston Chronicle Nov. 16 ... "I never thought Bigfoot would be in South Texas… Though primarily in Harris County, small portions of the city extend into Fort Bend and Montgomery counties, bordering other principal communities of Greater Houston such as Sugar Land and The Woodlands. [19], In 2006 H-E-B opened the "Mi Tienda" ("My Store") Hispanic-themed store in South Houston. [24], The Allen brothers—Augustus Chapman and John Kirby—explored town sites on Buffalo Bayou and Galveston Bay. South Texas College of Law Houston is located in the heart of downtown, just minutes away from courthouses, major international law firms, corporations, and legal service providers. [13], South Houston is located in District 145 of the Texas House of Representatives. Parrott and widow of John Austin, the south half of the lower league [2,214-acre (896 ha) tract] granted to her by her late husband. [citation needed], In 1840, the community established a chamber of commerce, in part to promote shipping and navigation at the newly created port on Buffalo Bayou. LGBT community members were attracted to Montrose as a neighborhood after encountering it while patronizing Art Wren, and they began to gentrify the neighborhood and assist its native inhabitants with property maintenance. [234] Facilities in the Theater District include the Jones Hall—home of the Houston Symphony Orchestra and Society for the Performing Arts—and the Hobby Center for the Performing Arts. [335] Houston City Council approved the Houston Bike Plan in March 2017, at that time entering the plan into the Houston Code of Ordinances. Thi… [243] A proposal has been made to open the city's first botanic garden at Herman Brown Park.[244]. [333] The city is currently in the process of expanding its on and off street bikeway network.[when? [257] The event had a 5-year race contract through 2017 with IndyCar. The Uptown District is also home to buildings designed by noted architects I. M. Pei, César Pelli, and Philip Johnson. The Houston Community College System (HCC) serves most of Houston proper; its main campus and headquarters are located in Midtown. The school is affiliated with the Baptist General Convention of Texas and has a student population of approximately 3,000. The Houston area is also home to the largest African American community in Texas. [252] BBVA Compass Stadium is a soccer-specific stadium for the Houston Dynamo, the Texas Southern Tigers football team, and Houston Dash, located in East Downtown. [324], METRO's local bus network services approximately 275,000 riders daily with a fleet of over 1,200 buses. [197][198] This is in addition to the 12,500 new graduates the U.H. From historical sites to unique festivals and celebrations, there is always something to see and do in South Texas. At the time of construction, it was believed to be the world's tallest skyscraper outside a central business district. Immigrants from Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Ethiopia, India, and other areas have added to Houston's Eastern and Oriental Orthodox population. By 1910, the city's population had reached 78,800, almost doubling from a decade before. Get Houston's weather and area codes, time zone and DST. [88], In referendums in 1948, 1962, and 1993, voters rejected efforts to establish separate residential and commercial land-use districts. [323] Roadway classification affects anticipated traffic volumes, roadway design, and right of way breadth. [250], Minute Maid Park (home of the Astros) and Toyota Center (home of the Rockets), are located in Downtown Houston. The Houston area has over 150 active faults (estimated to be 300 active faults) with an aggregate length of up to 310 miles (500 km),[76][77][78] including the Long Point–Eureka Heights fault system which runs through the center of the city. The Houston Independent School District (HISD) is the seventh-largest school district in the United States and the largest in Texas. The controller's duties are to certify available funds prior to committing such funds and processing disbursements. [285] The Houston area Catholic schools are operated by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston. The only other major publication to serve the city is the Houston Press—which was a free alternative weekly newspaper before the destruction caused by Hurricane Harvey resulted in the publication switching to an online-only format on November 2, 2017. South Houston is a city in Harris County, Texas within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. [17], Harris County Transit doesn't serve South Houston. [326] The Uptown Line, which runs along Post Oak Boulevard in Uptown,[327] was under construction as a bus rapid transit line—the city's first—while the University Line has been postponed indefinitely. [340], The Houston Airport System, a branch of the municipal government, oversees the operation of three major public airports in the city. This was the stimulus for the development of the city's aerospace industry. LGBT Houstonians needed to have a place to socialize after the closing of the gay bars. [246], Houston has sports teams for every major professional league except the National Hockey League. [119], Because of Houston's wet season and proximity to the Gulf Coast, the city is prone to flooding from heavy rains; the most notable flooding events include Tropical Storm Allison in 2001 and Hurricane Harvey in 2017, along with most recent Tropical Storm Imelda in 2019. [15], South Houston is within Texas's 29th congressional district; as of 2008 Gene Green is the representative. Instead, there was no increase in Houston's homicide rate between 2015 and 2016. [320] The Houston region's extensive freeway system handles over 40% of the regional daily vehicle miles traveled (VMT). [60] In Houston, a 2008 crane collapse at a refinery killed four people and injured six. [281] HISD has 112 campuses that serve as magnet or vanguard schools—specializing in such disciplines as health professions, visual and performing arts, and the sciences. Top South Houston Shooting Ranges: See reviews and photos of shooting ranges in South Houston, Texas on Tripadvisor. [146][147][148] A 2012 Kinder Institute report found that, based on the evenness of population distribution between the four major racial groups in the United States (non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic or Latino, and Asian), Greater Houston was the most ethnically diverse metropolitan area in the United States, ahead of New York City. [212] The Greater Houston metropolitan area is home to an estimated 1.1 million (21.4 percent) residents who were born outside the United States, with nearly two-thirds of the area's foreign-born population from south of the United States–Mexico border since 2009. Verdun's applications helped make Karnes the most active South Texas … In the 1950s the library moved into a building with a welfare office and a clinic. Official records for Houston were kept at the Weather Bureau in downtown from July 1888 to May 1969, and at Intercontinental since June 1969. [139] Individuals from two or more races made up 2.1% of the city. [286][287][288] The third-largest university in Texas, the University of Houston has nearly 44,000 students on its 667-acre (270-hectare) campus in the Third Ward. [27], In 1839, the Republic of Texas relocated its capital to Austin. Houston attracts many touring Broadway acts, concerts, shows, and exhibitions for a variety of interests. [268], Texas has banned sanctuary cities,[269] but Houston Mayor Sylvester Turner said that Houston will not assist ICE agents with immigration raids. Uptown became one of the most prominent instances of an edge city. During the late 1970s, Houston had a population boom as people from the Rust Belt states moved to Texas in large numbers. [171] Other prominent Catholic jurisdictions include the Eastern Catholic Ruthenian Greek Catholic Church and Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church. The storm cost billions of dollars in damage and killed 20 people in Texas. The company lost no less than $70 billion.[47]. Due to the boom in defense jobs, thousands of new workers migrated to the city, both blacks and whites competing for the higher-paying jobs. [174] The most prominent Eastern and Oriental Orthodox jurisdictions are the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America,[175] the Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of North America,[176] the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria,[177] and Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church. [201] Twenty-five foreign banks representing 13 nations operate in Houston, providing financial assistance to the international community. According to historian David McComb, "[T]he brothers, on August 26, 1836, bought from Elizabeth E. Parrott, wife of T.F.L. The establishment of the Houston Ship Channel resulted in the establishment of manufacturing industries inland, including in South Houston. According to the 2010 U.S. Census, the city had a population of 2.1 million people within an area of 579 square miles (1,500 km2). [38], In 1945, the M.D. SAVE! [12], South Houston is located within Harris County Commissioner Precinct 2; as of 2020 Adrian Garcia heads Precinct 2. [133][137] An estimated 42.9% of Houstonians owned housing units with an average of 2.67 persons per household. [278][279], In 1853 the first execution in Houston took place in public at Founder's Cemetery in the Fourth Ward; initially the cemetery was the execution site, but post-1868 executions took place in the jail facilities.[280]. Slightly west of the University of Houston is Texas Southern University (TSU), one of the largest and most comprehensive historically black universities in the United States with approximately 10,000 students. [14] South Houston is within District 6 of the Texas Senate; as of 2008 Mario Gallegos is the representative. Founded in 1923, it is accredited by the American Bar Association. The city's fiscal year begins on July 1 and ends on June 30. [54] Even worse flooding happened in late August 2017, when Hurricane Harvey stalled over southeastern Texas, much like Tropical Storm Allison did sixteen years earlier, causing severe flooding in the Houston area, with some areas receiving over 50 inches (1,300 mm) of rain. As many as 40% of residents refused to leave Galveston Island because they feared the type of traffic problems that had happened after Hurricane Rita. [3] An estimated 600,000 undocumented immigrants resided in the Houston area in 2017,[128] comprising nearly 9% of the city's metropolitan population. Houston was the headquarters of Continental Airlines until its 2010 merger with United Airlines with headquarters in Chicago; regulatory approval for the merger was granted in October of that year. [342] The four-runway, 1,304-acre (528-hectare) facility is located approximately 7 miles (11 km) southeast of Downtown Houston. [151] Blacks or African Americans made up 22.5% of Houston's population, American Indians made up 0.3% of the population, Asians made up 6.9% (1.7% Vietnamese, 1.3% Chinese, 1.3% Indian, 0.9% Pakistani, 0.4% Filipino, 0.3% Korean, 0.1% Japanese) and Pacific Islanders made up 0.1%. In: Allen, Carol M. (editor). Of the irreligious community 16% practiced nothing in particular, 3% were agnostic, and 2% were atheist.[165]. [264] The city of Houston's official 2010 census count was 600 shy of the required number; however, as the city was expected to grow beyond 2.1 million shortly thereafter, the two additional districts were added for, and the positions filled during, the August 2011 elections. Within Montrose, new gay bars began to open. As of 2008 the mayor is Joe Soto. [167] Other Christian groups including Eastern and Oriental Orthodox Christianity, and non-Christian religions did not grow for much of the city's history because immigration was predominantly from Western Europe (which at the time was dominated by Western Christianity and favored by the quotas in federal immigration law). Highways that follow the cardinal convention include U.S. Route 290 (Northwest Freeway), Interstate 45 north of Downtown (North Freeway), Interstate 10 east of Downtown (East Freeway), Texas State Highway 288 (South Freeway), and Interstate 69 south of Downtown (Southwest Freeway). Texas Southern University, located in the Third Ward, is the first public institution of higher education in Houston and the largest HBCU in Texas. [94][95][96] Since 2000 over 30 skyscrapers have been developed in Houston; all told, 72 high-rises tower over the city, which adds up to about 8,300 units. [29], South Houston Police Department front entrance, For a complete listing, see list of cities and towns in Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land MSA, ‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties [117] The rankings are in terms of peak-based standards, focusing strictly on the worst days of the year; the average ozone levels in Houston are lower than what is seen in most other areas of the country, as dominant winds ensure clean, marine air from the Gulf. [dubious – discuss][123], In a recent case testing these regulations, near the Brickhouse Gulley, an old golf course that long served as a floodplain and reservoir for flood waters, announced a change of heart toward intensifying development. Earl R. Verbeek, Karl W. Ratzlaff, Uel S. Clanton. [124] A nation-wide developer, Meritage Homes, bought the land and planned to develop the 500-year floodplain into 900 new residential homes. In the early 2010s, two additional lines—the Green Line, servicing the East End, and the Purple Line, servicing the Third Ward—opened, and the Red Line was extended northward to Northline, bringing the total length of the system to 22.7 miles (36.5 km). As of 2008 Rick Noriega represents the district. [348] Houston's aviation history is showcased in the 1940 Air Terminal Museum, located in the old terminal building on the west side of the airport. In 1997, Houstonians elected Lee P. Brown as the city's first African American mayor. The October 2013 event was held using a tweaked version of the 2006–2007 course. South Texas county and city issue COVID-19 travel advisory for Houston area The city of Alice and Jim Wells County both want residents to be careful if they visit here. Bayou Bend is the former home of Houston philanthropist Ima Hogg.[240]. Texas Southern University is the first state university in Houston, founded in 1927.[290]. Jamal Mehdawi is listed as a Director with Brothers Auto Inc in Texas. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.6 males. [247] The Houston Rockets are a National Basketball Association franchise based in the city since 1971. It is the second-largest concentration of theater seats in a Downtown area in the United States. The region's geology developed from river deposits formed from the erosion of the Rocky Mountains. C.S. A 2011 study by Walk Score ranked Houston the 23rd most walkable of the 50 largest cities in the United States. [67] Downtown stands about 50 feet (15 m) above sea level,[68] and the highest point in far northwest Houston is about 150 feet (46 m) in elevation. Two of these airports, George Bush Intercontinental Airport and William P. Hobby Airport, offer commercial aviation service to a variety of domestic and international destinations and served 55 million passengers in 2016. Evacuations are being issued in Texas as Hurricane Laura approaches, including mandatory evacuations in Galveston and some voluntary evacuations in Houston… In 2010, whites (including Hispanic whites) made up 57.6% of the city of Houston's population; 24.6% of the total population was non-Hispanic whites. In the 1960s, Downtown Houston consisted of a collection of midrise office structures. ][334] In 2015, Downtown Houston added a cycle track on Lamar Street, running from Sam Houston Park to Discovery Green. In the city, the population was spread out, with 34.1% under the age of 18, 11.7% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 16.5% from 45 to 64, and 6.8% who were 65 years of age or older. [274] The FBI's Uniform Crime Report (UCR) indicates a downward trend of violent crime in Houston over the ten- and twenty-year periods ending in 2016, which is consistent with national trends. Of the 10 most populous U.S. cities, Houston has the most total area of parks and green space, 56,405 acres (228 km2). Houston's median gross rent from 2014-2018 was $990. The rear of South Texas College of Law, with the law library enclosed in glass South Texas College of Law Houston is a private law school in Houston, Texas. [215] Another large celebration is the annual night-time Houston Gay Pride Parade, held at the end of June. The Federal Aviation Administration and the state of Texas selected the Houston Airport System as "Airport of the Year" in 2005, largely due to the implementation of a $3.1 billion airport improvement program for both major airports in Houston.[341]. [11], The South Houston Fire Department serves the city. Houston is the birthplace of the chopped and screwed remixing-technique in Hip-hop which was pioneered by DJ Screw from the city. This trend toward lower rates of violent crime in Houston includes the murder rate, though it had seen a four-year uptick that lasted through 2015. The median income for a household in the city was $44,607 [in 2017 dollars]. [191] Unlike most places, high oil and gasoline prices are beneficial for Houston's economy, as many of its residents are employed in the energy industry. [199] Ninety-one foreign governments have established consular offices in Houston's metropolitan area, the third-highest in the nation. [138] The median monthly owner costs with a mortgage were $1,598, and $524 without a mortgage. [259][260] The city's elected officials are the mayor, city controller and 16 members of the Houston City Council. [160] The school's executive director, Wayne Kramer, referred to the student handbook, which stated: "Lutheran High North reserves the right, within its sole discretion, to refuse admission of an applicant and/or to discontinue enrollment of a current student participating in, promoting, supporting or condoning: pornography, sexual immorality, homosexual activity or bisexual activity". The crane that collapsed was one of the largest cranes in the nation, possessing a 400-foot boom that could lift more than a million pounds. The town suffered another setback that year when a yellow fever epidemic claimed about one life for every eight residents, yet it persisted as a commercial center, forming a symbiosis with its Gulf Coast port, Galveston. Land in some areas southeast of Houston is sinking because water has been pumped out of the ground for many years. [82], Though Houston is the largest city in the United States without formal zoning regulations, it has developed similarly to other Sun Belt cities because the city's land use regulations and legal covenants have played a similar role. Houston is home to 337 parks, including Hermann Park, Terry Hershey Park, Lake Houston Park, Memorial Park, Tranquility Park, Sesquicentennial Park, Discovery Green, Buffalo Bayou Park and Sam Houston Park. Crime Report Table 4 ". The innermost loop is Interstate 610, commonly known as the Inner Loop, which encircles Downtown, the Texas Medical Center, Greenway Plaza, the cities of West University Place and Southside Place, and many core neighborhoods. [15][16] The Port of Houston ranks first in the United States in international waterborne tonnage handled and second in total cargo tonnage handled. [309], Houston is considered an automobile-dependent city, with an estimated 77.2% of commuters driving alone to work in 2016,[310] up from 71.7% in 1990[311] and 75.6% in 2009. Houston hosts the annual Houston College Classic baseball tournament every February, and the Texas Kickoff and Bowl in September and December, respectively.[256]. [97] In 2002, Uptown had more than 23 million square feet (2,100,000 m²) of office space with 16 million square feet (1,500,000 m²) of class A office space.[98]. [318] In addition, many households in the city of Houston have no car. [36] Ellington Field, initially built during World War I, was revitalized as an advanced training center for bombardiers and navigators. The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 removed the quotas, allowing for the growth of other religions. [13], The great majority of enslaved people in Texas came with their owners from the older slave states. [313] According to the 2013 American Community Survey, the average work commute in Houston (city) takes 26.3 minutes. A megachurch, it had 44,800 weekly attendees in 2010, up from 11,000 weekly in 2000. The Registered Agent on file for this company is Michael P Calelly and is located at 1300 Augusta Dr Unit 45, Houston, TX 77057. [83][84] Regulations include mandatory lot size for single-family houses and requirements that parking be available to tenants and customers. [180] It is estimated that Muslims made up 1.2% of Houston's population. The following elementary schools serve sections of South Houston:[22], As of 2000 South Houston Elementary had computers and computer equipment in all of its classrooms as well as a broadcasting studio operated by students. Houston is the most diverse metropolitan area in Texas and has been described as the most racially and ethnically diverse major metropolis in the U.S.[18] It is home to many cultural institutions and exhibits, which attract more than 7 million visitors a year to the Museum District. [337], Houston's bicycle sharing system started service with nineteen stations in May 2012. Hurricane Harvey damaged hundreds of thousands of homes and dumped trillions of gallons of water into the city. The Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area is served by one public television station and one public radio station. Rice University, the most selective university in Texas and one of the most selective in the United States,[291] is a private, secular institution with a high level of research activity. [204] In the same year, the city ranked second on the annual Fortune 500 list of company headquarters,[205] first for Forbes magazine's "Best Cities for College Graduates",[206] and first on their list of "Best Cities to Buy a Home". [185] Major technology and software companies within Greater Houston include Cybersoft, Houston Wire & Cable, and HostGator. The University of Houston System owns and holds broadcasting licenses to KUHT and KUHF. Houston is considered to be a politically divided city whose balance of power often sways between Republicans and Democrats. [13][70] The city owns surface water rights for 1.20 billion US gallons (4.5 Gl) of water a day in addition to 150 million US gallons (570 Ml) a day of groundwater. Bayou Place is a large multilevel building containing full-service restaurants, bars, live music, billiards, and Sundance Cinema. According to a study in 2016 by Berman Jewish DataBank, 51,000 Jews lived in the area, an increase of 4,000 since 2001. 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