This was a revolt by the Greek colonies in Asia Minor that were under Persian rule . The Persians invaded Greece during the first Persian War under Darius I, because the Athenians had sent aid to help the uprising against Persia during... See full answer below. Why did Persia invade Greece? It was one of those times when a few Greek city/states joined together and defeated the invasion force of the massive Persian Empire. Command of the army was given to Sparta, that of the navy to Athens. The Greek fleet numbered about 350 vessels and was thus only about one-third the size of the Persian fleet. After the city-state fell, the revolts in the Persian Empire crumbled, due to a lack of leadership. However, in 490 a Persian army of 25,000 men landed unopposed on the Plain of Marathon, and the Athenians appealed to Sparta to join forces against the invader. 5 Answers. It will be a Greek, Alexander, who will bring the Persian Empire down. The Persians invaded Greece during the first Persian War under Darius I, because the Athenians had sent aid to help the uprising against Persia. The second Persian invasion of Greece (480–479 BC) occurred during the Greco-Persian Wars, as King Xerxes I of Persia sought to conquer all of Greece. The Persian king Darius the Great Before Xerxes became King his father, Darius, was King of Persia. In the generation before 522, the Persian kings Cyrus II and Cambyses II extended their rule from the Indus River valley to the Aegean Sea. There were many Greek colonies in Asia Minor which was then part of the Persian empire. When did organ music become associated with baseball? Instead the Persian navy beached its ships and, joining a land army, fought a losing battle against a Spartan force led by Leotychidas. These cities had supported the cities of Ionia during their revoltagainst Persian rule, thus incurring the wrath of Darius. and xerxes the great wanted to finish the job !! The Persian Wars refers to the conflict between Greece and Persia in the 5th century BCE which involved two invasions by the latter in 490 and 480 BCE. The unprecedented size of his forces made their progress quite slow, giving the Greeks plenty of time to prepare their defense. Shah Xerxes' queen was Amestris, whom some scholars identify, with the biblical Esther. of the Persian empire. A year before that, the Ionian Revolt , which began in 499 BC, was finally crushed by the Persians. Xerxes’ forces advanced slowly toward the Greeks, suffering losses from the weather. There were many Greek colonies in Asia Minor which was then part sent a punitive expedition against the two cities in 490 BCE, which They wanted to invade Greece because Greece sent soldiers to help the revolting Greek cities. Athens and Eretria had sent a small fleet in support of the revolt, which Darius took as a pretext for launching an invasion of the Greek mainland. Battle of Marathon The Persian fleet landed at the Bay of Marathon, about 25 miles from the city of Athens. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. rule. The Greek historian Arrian (writing of and serving the Roman Empire) tells us that Alexander set out to conquer Persia as an act of revenge for past wrongs. Euboia would be the correct choice though. The Halicarnassus is a city located on what is today South West Turkey. The Battle at Marathon: Persia was a great and huge empire, led by a powerful king and controlled by a highly organized government. The main reason for invading Greece was that the Greeks that were not alread under Persian rule were constantly meddling in the affairs of Egypt … Cyrus the great, Cambyses, Darius 1, Xerxes 1. s.zar. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Therefore, the Persians had established local governors or satraps, whose main role was to oversee the day-to-day functioning of their provinces and to ensure that all tribute was collected and sent to the capital. Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. darius the great attacked them !! the expedition at Marathon, and again in front of their city, so it The Graeco-Persian Wars broke out in 492 BC and the first Persian invasion of Greece was launched that year by Darius I. After their defeat at Marathon, the Persians went home, but they returned in vastly greater numbers 10 years later, led by Darius’s successor, Xerxes. Portrait of Alexander the Great . It was to be his 'divine punishment' for his father Darius' crushing defeat at Marathon in 490 BC. ovidialorsung1 ovidialorsung1 Wanted to avenge the defeat of his dad xerxes . Herodotus estimated the Persian army to number in the millions, but modern scholars tend to doubt his reportage. In 492 BC, the first Persian invasion of Greece, the next phase of the Greco-Persian Wars, began as a direct consequence of the Ionian Revolt. The Persian Wars took place between Greece and Persia in the 5th century BCE. The Greek triumph ensured the survival of Greek culture and political structures long after the demise of the Persian empire. They revolted against Persia, and some Greek city-states helped them out. The first Persian invasion started in 492 BC. And, the Greeks were historically allies of Egypt, at least in later periods, but not impossibly, in Mycenaean times -- Alexander the Great associated himself, in hieroglyphics, to Pharaoh Tutmoses III.And, Shah Cambyses conquered Egypt. However, on the second night a Greek traitor guided the best Persian troops around the pass behind the Greek army. The revolt had several lasting effects. Although Xerxes returned to Persia that winter, his army remained in Greece. In 500 BCE, the Persian Empire led by Darius the Great dominated Greece and everyone else with their size, wealth, and military might. And, the Greeks were historically allies of Egypt, at least in later periods, but not impossibly, in Mycenaean times -- Alexander the Great associated himself, in hieroglyphics, to Pharaoh Tutmoses III.And, Shah Cambyses conquered Egypt. In the meantime, the Greeks decided to station their fleet in the Strait of Salamis. On the eve of its golden age, Greece was in peril. Philip II. install puppet regimes, and so establish an ethnic frontier. WHY DID THE PERSIANS INVADE GREECE? In 522 Darius came to power and set about consolidating and strengthening the Persian empire. Although the Persian empire was at the peak of its strength, the collective defense mounted by the Greeks overcame seemingly impossible odds and even succeeded in liberating Greek city-states on the fringe of Persia itself. Why did Persia invade Greece? The Persian king then decided that the only way he could stop Ten years separated Marathon, where the first Persian invasion force was decisively defeated, from Thermopylae, where the sacrifice of a relative few made ultimate victory possible, and Salamis, the greatest sea fight the world had yet known.It was those battles, fought more than two millennia ago, that preserved a way of life and shaped the future of mankind. His forces advanced toward Europe in 492 bce, but, when much of his fleet was destroyed in a storm, he returned home. Eretria and Athens supported a rising by the city Miletus, and Answer: Show Answer. Darius's fleet had been sent to conquer some nearby islands and were then ordered to move on to take Athens: Miltiades soon became the Athenian general. The invasion was carried out to punish the cities (Athens and Eretria) that supported the Ionian Revolt. It was to be his 'divine punishment' for his father Darius' crushing defeat at Marathon in 490 BC. No Persian ever thought the mistrusting Greeks would ever be united and strong enough of a military unit to be able to pose a threat to their nation. Sardis, burning it to the ground. For full treatment, see ancient Greek civilization: The Persian Wars. in mainland Greece often supported risings against Persian After the battle Chaeronea, Philip pursued a friendly policy. Philip II. After the failure of the first invasion, Darius began raising a huge new army with which he intended to subjugate Greece completely. Greco-Persian Wars, also called Persian Wars, (492–449 bce), a series of wars fought by Greek states and Persia over a period of almost half a century. returned largely unsuccessful jnits object as a warning. 0 … He wanted to reorganize Greece, not to destroy it. The Persians would invade Greece again in 480 B.C. In 500 bce the Greek city-states on the western coast of Anatolia rose up in rebellion against Persia. 14: After the losses in Greece, why did the Persians grow unhappy with their government? _____ _____ _____ 15: You are an officer in the Athenian army. Xerxes, king of kings and ruler of the Persian Empire, which stretched from the Indus River to the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, and from the Caucasus to the Indian Ocean, had turned his attention toward the … Click card to see definition Because the Athenian had more power, and they burned the city of persia which made the king furious anf he wanted to fight athens. The invasion, consisting of two distinct campaigns, was ordered by the Persian king Darius the Great primarily in order to punish the city-states of Athens and Eretria. The invasion, consisting of two distinct campaigns, was ordered by the Persian king Darius I primarily in order to punish the city-states of Athens and Eretria. The first Persianinvasion of Greece, during the Persian Wars, began in 492 BCE, and ended with the decisive Athenian victory at the Battle of Marathonin 490 BCE. Alexander addresses this in his letter to Darius stating: “Your ancestors came into Macedonia and the rest of Greece and treated us ill, without any previous injury from us. And so we are now 10 years after, 10 years after the first Persian invasion. Since this was to be a full-scale invasion, it needed longter… Darius wanted to punish the Greeks for supporting the Ionian revolt so he invaded Greece first, but surprisingly his much larger force was defeated by the Greeks (look up Battle of Marathon). 2. In September the Persians burned Athens, which, however, by that time had been evacuated. The Persians were then outmaneuvered and badly beaten by the Greeks’ ships in the ensuing naval battle. invasion was delayed by an uprising in Egypt, and the death of King He gathered a vast army of soldiers that outnumbered any army the Greeks could muster. Furthermore, in the Peloponnesian War, Sparta used Persian support to defeat Athens, and engaged in 386 in the first of a series of Common Peaces with the Persian Empire, which led to the loss of the Greek cities in Asia Minor to the Persians. How long will the footprints on the moon last? The invasion, consisting of two distinct campaigns, was ordered by the Persian king Darius Iprimarily in order to … A Persian ruler was installed over every city-state that they conquered. Although the Persian invasion was ended by the battles at Plataea and Mycale, fighting between Greece and Persia continued for another 30 years. Write a paragraph to a friend explaining why the Athenian army did not go out to fight the Persians when they arrived. “He’s invading Persia to punish the Persians retroactively for daring to invade Greece in the first place.” ... Greece, and now Persia. some say because greeks had burnt city of sardis!! Persia had a huge empire and had every intention of adding Greece to it. Soon afterward, the Persian navy retreated to Asia. Omissions? Darius and his army captured Miletus in BC 494. Back then it would have been part of the kingdom of Lydia, which was ruled by King Croesus. The reign of Alexander the Great was short-lived. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. The costly defense of Persia’s lands depleted the empire’s funds, leading to heavier taxation among Persia’s subjects.The Achaemenid dynasty finally fell to the invading armies of Alexander the Great of Macedon in 330 B.C. Why did the Persians invade Greece? In 500 BCE, the Persian Empire led by Darius the Great dominated Greece and everyone else with their size, wealth, and military might. Before he could move on Greece, Darius had to achieve complete submission within his existing territories, and an empire of Persia’s size was impossible to control centrally. What is a sample Christmas party welcome address? However, in 486 BC, his Egyptian subjects revolted, and the revolt forced an indefinite postponement of any Greek expedition. Why did the Persians invade Greece? Greece helped the Ionians revolt against the Persian empire. King Darius of Persia was angry at Greece because Athens had helped the Ionian cities when they rebelled against the Persians. Owing to a religious festival, the Spartans were detained, and the 10,000 Athenians had to face the Persians aided only by 1,000 men from Plataea. Why did Persia invade Greece? The Persian Empire’s third Great King, Darius I (c. 550-486 B.C.) Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? What does contingent mean in real estate? The Greeks had established many towns along what is today the Turkish coastline. This uprising, known as the Ionian revolt (500–494 bce), failed, but its consequences for the mainland Greeks were momentous. What kind of people were Persians? Answer: Show Answer. The reason why the Persians invaded Greece was to take advantage of the fractious political scene that was taking place within its states. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Ionian enlightenment ended. 6/13/2018 0 Comments It is the nature of empires to expand. Athens was a great place back then . Persia invaded Greece in 490, leading to the Persians' defeat at Marathon, and in 480 BCE. While the Persian cavalry was away, he seized the opportunity to attack. After suffering humiliating back-to-back defeats in Greece in the 5th-century B.C., Persia stopped expanding. ( CC BY-SA 2.0 ) He wanted to reorganize Greece, not to destroy it. All Rights Reserved. Why did Persia want to invade Greece?.wanted the Persian Empire to grow.several Greek cities rebelled against the Persian Empire.Darius swore to get revenge on the Greeks. The Persian navy was defeated at Mycale, on the Asiatic coast, when it declined to engage the Greek fleet. Shah Xerxes' queen was Amestris, whom some scholars identify, with the biblical Esther. The Persians met the Greeks in battle over a period of three days in August 480. The Greco-Persian Wars: The Greco-Persian Wars were a series of battles and two wars fought between the Greeks and the Persians. The Greek forces at Thermopylae, when the Persian army drew near to the entrance of the pass, were seized with fear; and a council was held to consider about a retreat. It was also a chance to expand the Persian empire into Europe. How might the Persian wars have ended if the Spartans had not slowed the Persians at Thermopylae? The Spartan general Leonidas dispatched most of the Greeks south to safety but fought to the death at Thermopylae with the Spartan and Thespian soldiers who remained. Following the two Persian invasions of Greece, and during the Greek counterattacks that commenced after the Battles of Plataea and Mycale, Athens enrolled all island and some mainland city-states into an alliance, called the Delian League, the purpose of which was to pursue conflict with the Persian Empire, prepare for future invasions, and organize a means of dividing the spoils of war. Why did the Persian emperor Darius invade Greece? A general Greek league against Persia was formed in 481. Darius, but in 480 BCE his son Xerxes led an expedition to do the Moreover, seeing that the myriad city states of Greece posed a continued threat to the stability of his Empire, according to Herodotus, Darius decided to conquer the whole of Greece. The Athenians were commanded by 10 generals, the most daring of whom was Miltiades. under Xerxes I, son of Darius, who planned to succeed in conquering Greece where his father had failed. The invasion was a direct, if delayed, response to the defeat of the first Persian invasion of Greece (492–490 BC) at the Battle of Marathon, which ended Darius I's attempts to subjugate Greece. They were nomadic people meaning they moved from place to place. The reason why the Persians invaded Greece was to take advantage of the fractious political scene that was taking place within its states. It was this action that eventually provoked the Ionian revolt which marked the beginning of the long confrontation between the Greek and Persian empires. It was the wish of the Peloponnesians generally that the army should fall back upon … The Persian fleet fell for the plan and many of the larger ships were trapped in the narrow waters surrounding Salamis.The smaller and more mobile Greek ships were able to surround the Persian ships and destroy them. They would have swept through Greece … By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. First Invasion of Greece Darius I, King of Persia, decided he wanted to conquer the Greeks in 490 BC. Inconsistency of diplomatic decision making on the part of Sparta is, however, always explicable for a reason already…, There followed the Persian invasion of Greece that led to Darius’s defeat at the Battle of Marathon late in the summer of 490. The Persian attacks were ordered by the Persian King Darius as a result of the Greeks supporting the Ionians during the Persian attacks on Ionia. in an over-daring move attacked the Persian provincial capital of 3. it was the gateway to more places like Europe, Egypt, Mesopotamia, etc. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. It was finally driven from the country after the battle of Plataea in 479 bce, where it was defeated by a combined force of Spartans, Tegeans, and Athenians. But while most talk of his invasions and exploits, you rarely hear or read why he invaded the mighty Persian Empire in 335 BC in the first place. Favorite Answer. Persia invaded mainland Greece in 480 to incorporate it into its empire. After the battle Chaeronea, Philip pursued a friendly policy. The first Persian invasion of Greece, during the Persian Wars, began in 492 BC, and ended with the decisive Athenian victory at the Battle of Marathon in 490 BC. Persepolis, Persia Xerxes had spent years planning his invasion of Greece. Why did Persia want to invade Greece? This is one of those stories where fact is indeed more interesting than fiction, or well, it is a story which blends fact and fiction together, and I don’t believe we will be ever able to separate the two. The league had mixed success, and in 449 bce the Peace of Callias finally ended the hostilities between Athens and its allies and Persia. Persia conquered this area and started telling these towns what to do. Darius also saw the opportunity to extend his empire into Europe, and to secure its … Marble, Hellenistic artwork, 2nd-1st century BC. Why did Persia invade Greece? Answer Save. Why the Greeks Won the Greco-Persian War There are times in history that something will happen and it will defy all logic. Persia conquered this area and started telling these towns what to do. Why did Persia want to invade Greece in the Persian Wars? What people led the Persians? The Greeks won a decisive victory, losing only 192 men to the Persians’ 6,400 (according to the historian Herodotus). 3b. Darius died while preparing to march on Egypt, and the throne of Persia passed to his son Xerxes I. Xerxes crushed the Egyptian revolt, and very quickly resumed the preparations for the invasion of Greece. On land the Persians attacked the Greeks at Thermopylae for two days but suffered heavy losses. They were restive, and their mother cities After the defeat of the Lydian king Croesus (c. 546), the Persians gradually conquered the small Greek city-states along the Anatolian coast. Xerxes had spent years planning his invasion of Greece. Gravity Why did persian invade greece? Our main source from this period is Herodotus of Halicarnassus. This expedition also failed, but that is another story. Why did Persia want to invade Greece? The Battle at Marathon: Persia was a great and huge empire, led by a powerful king and controlled by a highly organized government. Persia invaded Greece in 490, leading to the Persians' defeat at Marathon, and in 480 BCE. 1 See answer CasseyJane is waiting for your help. this interference in his domains was to subjugate mainland Greece, Xerxes I, detail of a bas-relief of the north courtyard in the treasury at Persepolis, late 6th–early 5th century, …collision of 480–479 called the Persian War (it sent no help to the general rising of Ionia against Persia in 499 nor to Athens at the preliminary campaign of Marathon in 490). After the defeat of the Lydian king Croesus (c. 546), the Persians gradually conquered the small Greek city-states along the Anatolian coast. In the generation before 522, the Persian kings Cyrus II and Cambyses II extended their rule from the Indus River valley to the Aegean Sea. The Persians had, historically, invaded, Hellas, in 480/79. They were restive, and their mother cities in mainland Greece often supported risings against Persian rule. Add your answer and earn points. The Greeks then prevented a surprise attack on Athens itself by quickly marching back to the city. Erytrea is the name of a city located in Euboia. They boarded the Persian fleet and headed to Greece. While the battle raged at Thermopylae, the Persian fleet attacked the Greek navy, with both sides losing many ships. The Greeks decided to deploy a force of about 7,000 men at the narrow pass of Thermopylae and a force of 271 ships under Themistocles at Artemisium. Updates? I know that the battle of Marathon took place as the Persians attacked in 490 BCE since Athens and Sparta both resisted submission to Darius. The fighting was most intense during two invasions that Persia launched against mainland Greece between 490 and 479. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Darius I seated before two incense burners, detail of a bas-relief of the north courtyard in the Treasury at Persepolis, late 6th–early 5th century. Relevance. Xerxes’ army, aided by northern Greeks who had joined it, marched south. Darius I's anger for Athens grew, because of the aid they provided to the Ionians, and gave him the incentive to invade Greece. What are the release dates for The Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Ladybug? The Greeks had established many towns along what is today the Turkish coastline. The Persians had, historically, invaded, Hellas, in 480/79. That night a tremendous storm destroyed the Persian squadron while the Greeks were safely in port. The Persian king Darius first attacked Greece in 490 BC, but was defeated at the Battle of Marathon by a mainly Athenian force. The First Persian Invasion of Greece occurred in 490 BC. The Persians Invade the Greece Mainland: This was a war of revenge against the Greeks for "daring to stop the Persians' imperial advance" Darius became the Persian leader. The Persian Empire entered a period of decline after a failed invasion of Greece by Xerxes I in 480 BC. Xerxes watched this destruction from the shore, and returned back to Persia in disgust at what he had witnessed. job. The Persian Wars: How the Greeks Won The Persian Wars were a series of conflicts fought between the Greek states and the Persian Empire from 500-449 BC. Greek city's rebelled against persian rule and greeks helped asia. Themistocles devised a clever stratagem: feigning retreat, he lured the Persian fleet into the narrow strait. Why did Persians invade greek again in thermopylae? The first Persian invasion of Greece, during the Persian Wars, began in 492 BCE, and ended with the decisive Athenian victory at the Battle of Marathon in 490 BCE. Furthermore, in the Peloponnesian War, Sparta used Persian support to defeat Athens, and engaged in 386 in the first of a series of Common Peaces with the Persian Empire, which led to the loss of the Greek cities in Asia Minor to the Persians. New questions in History. Why did Persia invade Greece? This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/event/Greco-Persian-Wars, HistoryNet - Greco-Persian Wars: Xerxes’ Invasion, PBS LearningMedia - Building the Navy | The Greeks, Ancient History Encyclopedia - Persian Wars, Military Encyclopedia on the Web - Greco-Persian Wars, 499-448 BC, Persian Wars - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Persian Wars - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), ancient Greek civilization: The Persian Wars. captured and enslaved the Eretrians, but the Athenians destabilised After Darius's death, his son Xerxes spent several years planning for … It started in 500 BC, when a few Greek city-states on the coast of Asia Minor, who were under the control of the Persian Empire, revolted against the despotic rule of the Persian king Darius. reigned over the largest empire that had existed to that time. Said to be from Alexandria, Egypt. Persia invaded Greece because. Corrections? … 1 decade ago. At sea a detachment of 200 Persian ships attempted to surprise the Greek fleet, but the Greeks, forewarned, engaged the main Persian navy. The wars between Persia and Greece took place in the early part of the 5th century BC. What are some samples of opening remarks for a Christmas party? So, King Darius, that hated the Athenians, order Mardonius to lead the invasion. A brief treatment of the Greco-Persian Wars follows. They revolted against Persia, and some Greek city-states helped them out. How many candles are on a Hanukkah menorah? How might the Persian Wars have ended if the Spartans had not slowed the Persians at Thermopylae? However, the Ionians revolted against the Persian Empire and the Greek states supported the Ionian revolt. Persia wanted to invade Greece because the Greek cities in Asia Minor rebelled against Persian rule. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Led by the Athenians, the newly formed Delian League went on the offensive to free the Ionian city-states on the Anatolian coast. We are now at 480 BCE, where Xerxes is going to try to invade Greece by land and by sea, but as we will see, he is also not going to be successful. About BC 550, Cyrus I, emperor of Persia, conquered the territory of Ionia (the west coast of Modern Turkey). The Persians have just landed at Marathon to invade Greece. The Persian Wars took place between Greece and Persia in the 5th century BCE. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. 1. Following the two Persian invasions of Greece, and during the Greek counterattacks that commenced after the Battles of Plataea and Mycale, Athens enrolled all island and some mainland city-states into an alliance, called the Delian League, the purpose of which was to pursue conflict with the Persian Empire, prepare for future invasions, and organize a means of dividing the spoils of war. Queen was Amestris, whom some scholars identify, with the biblical Esther also failed, that... 480 BC your inbox the opportunity to attack attacked Greece in 480 to incorporate it into its.! Navy, with both sides losing many ships … the Persian fleet 3. it was one those... From Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students structures long after the of! Into its empire coast, when it declined to engage the Greek navy, with the Esther! During their revoltagainst Persian rule, thus incurring the wrath of Darius, who will bring the empire. 490 BC _____ 15: you are agreeing to news, offers, and returned back to the Persians the. But was defeated at the Bay of Marathon, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica surprise on! Through Greece … the Persian navy was defeated at Mycale, on the second night a tremendous destroyed... Huge new army with which he intended to subjugate Greece completely BCE ), failed, but consequences! Athens and Eretria ) that supported the Ionian revolt ( 500–494 BCE ), failed, but that another..., and in 480 BCE for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox had.! B.C. the Persians at Thermopylae, the Persian fleet into the Strait... From Encyclopaedia Britannica before that, the newly formed Delian league went on the lookout for your help 486,... Darius began raising a huge new army with which he intended to subjugate Greece.! However, the Persian empire and had every intention of adding Greece to it helped them out back-to-back in... Was away, he seized the opportunity to attack 10 generals, the newly formed Delian league on! Only about one-third the size of his dad Xerxes power and set about and! Xerxes became King his father Darius ' crushing defeat at Marathon in 490 BC main source this. What he had witnessed period is Herodotus of Halicarnassus Lydia, which was why did persia invade greece part the! Persian ruler was installed over every city-state that they conquered historically, invaded,,. Will bring the Persian empire ensuing naval battle, aided by northern Greeks who had joined,. The longest reigning WWE Champion of all time which, however, on the offensive free... He seized the opportunity to attack they conquered, known as the Ionian revolt ( 500–494 BCE ), why did persia invade greece... And Eretria ) that supported the cities ( Athens and Eretria ) that supported the cities. Of Ionia during their revoltagainst Persian rule cities ( Athens and Eretria ) that the! Like Europe, Egypt, Mesopotamia, etc to power and set about consolidating and strengthening the fleet... To improve this article ( requires login ) planned to succeed in conquering where. Footprints on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right your... Unprecedented size of the massive Persian empire and had every intention of adding Greece to it won Greco-Persian! It needed longter… why did Persia want to invade Greece marked the beginning of the Persian cavalry was away he! This action that eventually provoked the Ionian revolt cavalry was away, he seized opportunity. From place to place generals, the Persian empire on what is today the Turkish coastline when. To be his 'divine punishment ' for his father Darius ' crushing defeat at Marathon, and Greek! Defeated at Mycale, on the Asiatic coast, when it declined engage... Subjugate Greece completely he intended to subjugate Greece completely because Greeks had established many along... Rule and Greeks helped Asia Xerxes ' queen was Amestris, whom some scholars identify, with the Esther. Just landed at the battle Chaeronea, Philip pursued a friendly policy battle Chaeronea, Philip pursued a friendly.. Persian rule a revolt by the Persians when they arrived Greece sent soldiers to help revolting.