There are some affiliate links below. However, not all computers are the same, so this may not work for you. to learn when you should use a hyphen, en dash or em dash in your writing – and how to make each on your keyboard! I was going to add a note that this festival isn’t a real thing, but when I googled it, I found several different festivals with this name. How cool is that!). Even for native speakers, writing in English can be a challenge. According to CMOS, “a 2-em dash represents a missing word or part of a word, either omitted to disguise a name (or occasionally an expletive) or else missing from or illegible in quoted or reprinted material.”, CMOS also states “in a bibliography, a 3-em dash followed by a period represents the same author(s) or editor(s) named in the preceding entry.”. In Microsoft Word, click on Insert → Symbol → More Symbols. So both CMOS and The Oxford Style Manual advocate using a closed-up em dash to set off parenthetical information, but some British publishers may use spaced en dashes instead. You’re probably thinking, “Rules are all well and good, but how do you use an en dash in a sentence?”. We are no longer supporting IE (Internet Explorer) as we strive to provide site experiences for browsers that support new web standards and security practices. An en dash, also known as a long dash, is a punctuation mark that can be used in many ways. Fun fact: The en dash is called the en rule in British English, and the em dash is called the em rule. Warning: Beware of using hyphens in place of em dashes. Notwithstanding its versatility, the em dash is best limited to two appearances per sentence. little grammar rules to follow that make you seem smarter! However, I only recommend products or services that I genuinely like and trust. From the main menu, click on Insert → Special characters. Highlight the dash you want to insert:; Em dash: — En dash: – Copy it. En dashes — dashes that are the width of the character n — have multiple uses. To type a hyphen in html or Microsoft Word, just press the hyphen key. There are two types of dash. Google Docs is becoming more and more popular as an alternative word processor to Microsoft Word. The en dash is so called because it’s the same width as a capital N in typeface. Check your individual style guide to be sure. Em Dash vs En Dash There are many different tools in English language to give spacing between words in a text such as Em dash, En dash, hyphen etc. Inserting an en-dash in Latex. However, there are a couple of ways you can create them, which may differ slightly depending on if you use Microsoft Word or Google Docs. The em dash is bigger, includes spaces on either side, and is used more frequently than the en dash in most forms of writing. As long as I have three things in my pantry—bread, chocolate, and ice cream—all is right in the world. En and Em Dashes and Hyphens One thing editors do is to fuss with punctuation, especially dashes. The em dash also acts as the longest stop or pause in a sentence compared to the other three dashes, which all serve to join parts of sentences rather than break up a sentence and stop the reader. The em dash is bigger, includes spaces on either side, and is used more frequently than the en dash in most forms of writing. When used in this fashion, it should not have spaces on either side. They can also be used in place of parentheses. But here are the two basic uses of en dashes: 1. The most common uses of em dashes are for The en dash is known as the “short dash” and is usually used between numbers. An em dash is a versatile bit of punctuation that can function like a comma or colon or set of parentheses. here’s my review of the Grammar Lion course. It comes most com­monly in pairs and has a func­tion sim­i­lar to paren­the­ses (i.e. There are many uses of the en and em dash and also many ways to form these dashes using your computer. Repeat listings by that same author feature a 3-em dash rather than the author’s name again. How to Enter Hyphens, En Dashes and Em Dashes in HTML and Word. Please try again. Between 1:00 p.m. and 2:00 p.m. each day is blocked out for Murder She Wrote. I didn’t know what to say—which doesn’t happen very often to me—so I just smiled. Unlike an em dash, an en dash has a smaller number of appropriate uses. First, it may be used to indicate a range—of numbers, … The em dash is also known as the “long dash”. En Dash: Just like em dash, an en dash’s size is the width of the letter ‘N.’ Hyphen: The hyphen is exactly half the size of an en dash. Language changes over time, and let’s face it, memories fade. The em dash is perhaps the most versatile punctuation mark. to break the flow of thoughts). Hyphens already create compound adjectives, as in “red-haired” or “award-winning.” An en dash serves the purpose of a hyphen when one of the things you’re joining includes more than one word. as my reference guide unless otherwise noted. There are two types of dash. It's used to mark ranges, normally of numbers, such as dates, number ranges, game scores, and the like. So how do you type an en dash in Google Docs? The em dash is the length of a lower case letter “m” and the en dash is the length of the letter “n.” When using the em dash and the en dash you should not leave any spaces between the punctuation and the next word. The 3-em dash (which is the width of three m‘s in the corresponding font) most frequently appears in a bibliography when an author’s name is cited more than once. It is called n dash because in some traditional fonts, it is as wide as the letter “n.” An en-dash is generally used in two situations. The en dash is approximately the length of the letter n, and the em dash the length of the letter m. The shorter en dash (–) is used to mark ranges. As noted in the post on parentheses vs. brackets, Kolln asserts that the use of the parenthesis “whispers, simply mentions in passing,” while the em-dash emphasizes or shouts the message. But the biggest difference between the em dash vs. en dash is that em dashes mainly separate words, and en dashes link them, similar to the way hyphens do. How cool is that! And if the word between precedes the number range, the word and should be used instead of the en dash. Typing two hyphens doesn’t automatically create an em dash in Google Docs. Despite the fact that there’s also a type of punctuation called an “em dash,” en dashes actually have more in common with hyphens. She works from 9 to 5; what a way to make a living. The longer em dash is usually used to separate out asides in a sentence or denote a pause. I did… The en dash is about as wide as an uppercase N; the em dash is as wide as an M. I did… Success! But just like hyphens, en dashes and em dashes make reading easier—if you use them properly, that is. The most common uses of em dashes are for Double Quotes), How to Use Commas (and Mistakes to Avoid). As mentioned above, CMOS and Oxford recommend using no spaces with an em dash or an en dash. But here are the two basic uses of en dashes: 1. It’s commonly used to symbolize the word “to” or “through” between values: But, don’t use the en dash if the span or range is introduced with words such as from or between. The longer em dash (—) is used to separate extra information or mark a break in a sentence. En dashes are used to show ranges of any kind. Dashes, if used incorrectly, can actually confuse readers (not just bother detail–oriented editors). En Dash: An en dash is for showing a range of numbers. The en dash is known as the “short dash” and is usually used between numbers. (Note: If you use the word “from” to introduce these ranges, you need to use the word “to,” not an en dash. It’s also important that when you set off a phrase using em-dashes that you used one em-dash immediately after the noun the phrase is describing and one immediately after the phrase. There are many uses of the en and em dash and also many ways to form these dashes using your computer. They’re used to connect two items (usually numbers) that designate … (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Catherine Turner is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. Type en or em into the search bar, depending on which one you want to use. When we refer to dashes, we are usually referring to em dashes, as they … in pairs, to mark off information or ideas that are not essential to an understanding of the rest of the sentence: Thousands of children—like the girl in this photograph—have been left homeless. 2.2. Fun fact: The en dash is called the en rule in British English, and the em dash is called the em rule. Keeping all of the words straight—homophones, different verb forms, and the like—can be challenging enough, and then you’ve got to figure out the punctuation! A hyphen’s main job is to let the reader know that … em dash vs. en dash. Double Quotes). The following explanations offer the most common uses and methods for forming these dashes. En Dash: An en dash, roughly the width of an n, is a little longer than a hyphen. There was an error submitting your subscription. The em dash (about as wide as an uppercase M), is a relatively artistic punctuation mark, compared to the more technical hyphen and en dash. In informal writing, em dashes may replace commas, semicolons, colons, and … Em dashes can replace colons or sets of parentheses, or represent a sudden change in thought or tone. The en dash is approximately the length of the letter n, and the em dash the length of the letter m. The shorter en dash (–) is used to mark ranges. Hyphens should not be used to highlight or set off additional information and using them in this manner can lead to your audience misreading your words. Em dashes can be used at the end of a sentence or in pairs to, They can also be used in place of parentheses. Now that we know what an en dash is used for, let’s move on to the em dash. Your Guide to Dashes: the Hyphen, En Dash, Em Dash, and Minus Sign. Molly Brown-the Unsinkable Molly Brown-was an American socialite and philanthropist. One of the most common is mixing up different types of little horizontal lines between words. The em dash is—you guessed it—the width of a capital M. Again, the en dash is easier to confuse with a hyphen; the em dash is distinctively long enough that it’s easy to identify. An em dash (—) is used as a substitute for a comma, colon, semi-colon or parentheses. En dash The en dash (–) is slightly wider than the hyphen (-) but narrower than the em dash (—). The most common use for an en dash is to indicate a range, usually of numbers. How to Use Quotation Marks (and the Difference between Single vs. Google Docs is becoming more and more popular as an alternative word processor to Microsoft Word. Type two hyphens with no space between them like–this. It’s also important that when you set off a phrase using em-dashes that you used one em-dash immediately after the noun the phrase is describing and one immediately after the phrase. However, not all computers are the same, so this may not work for you. The en dash is made with alt or option hyphen. As I just mentioned, CMOS uses the en dash to indicate ranges, such as multiple dates or a series of page numbers (153–69). 2. First, add an en or em dash to your document as described above. Usage of dashes can vary between British English and American English. The em dash (about as wide as an uppercase M), is a relatively artistic punctuation mark, compared to the more technical hyphen and en dash. Another way to insert the dashes is to use the minus key on the numeric keypad. Examples where an em-dash should be used: School is based on the three R’s—reading, writing, and ’rithmetic. En dashes are slightly shorter than em dashes. Beware of using hyphens in place of em dashes. September 4–11 is reserved for the annual Word Nerds Unite festival. Span or range of numbers Think about it—when do you use a hyphen vs. a dash? Inserting an en-dash in Latex. Another em dash vs. en dash difference is the width. So how do you type an en dash in Google Docs? Even when you’re hand-writing something and you need some kind of dash, you just draw a line, paying no attention to how its size relates to its use. In this case, the en-dash should have a … In appearance, an en dash is slightly longer than a hyphen ( - ), approximately the width of a capital N, while an em dash is slightly longer than an en dash, approximately the width of a capital M (hence their names). The en dash is also used when referencing scores and contest results: Finally, use the en dash between words that present a conflict, connection, contrast, or direction: We use em-dashes to add emphasis to the size of the car. is an in-depth but easily digestible course. Hyphens should not be used to highlight or set off additional information and using them in this manner can lead to your audience misreading your words. But there are differences. Fun fact: An em dash is one em wide, a unit of measurement that varies depending on the font size. They’re used to connect two items (usually numbers) that designate … It may not be widely known, but correctly using en dashes is definitely one of the little grammar rules to follow that make you seem smarter! Alternatively, insert en-dash from the Insert>Symbol menu. The typical computer keyboard lacks a dedicated key for the en dash, though most word processors provide a means for its insertion. Now check your email to confirm your subscription to my email newsletter and download the Business Goal Setting Workbook. The en dash is neglected by many writers except as a substitute for an em dash, and even then it is increasingly replaced with a hyphen to mark a pause or parenthesis, especially online and, less commonly, in print journalism. Highlight the Em dash or En dash using your mouse, then press the Delete key. An em dash may be used to signify a sudden break or interruption in dialogue. . Em dashes can replace a comma where a comma doesn’t provide a strong enough break. As you can see, the em dash is the longest of the three, and roughly the width of the letter m, which is how it got its name. When we refer to dashes, we are usually referring to em dashes, as they are the more common punctuation mark of the two. Click Insert, and then click Close. The en dash (–) is a bit wider than the hyphen (-) and narrower than the em dash (—). Fun fact: the en dash is the width of the letter “N”, while the em dash is the width of the letter “M”. The en dash (–) is a bit wider than the hyphen (-) and narrower than the em dash (—). Here you’ll find blog posts on productivity, freelancing, working from home, and editing. According to CMOS, “in British usage, an en dash (with space before and after) is usually preferred to the em dash as punctuation in running text.”, However, The Oxford Style Manual notes that “many British publishers use an en rule with space either side as a parenthetical dash, but Oxford and most US publishers use an em rule.”. Wider still is the em-dash, which is just as wide as a lowercase m. The em-dash is typically used in sentences, such as a dash between clauses. En Dash: An en dash, roughly the width of an n, is a little longer than a hyphen. However, I only recommend products or services that I genuinely like and trust. How to Enter Hyphens, En Dashes and Em Dashes in HTML and Word. When you use the en dash this way, you should add spaces around the dashes. , but some British publishers may use spaced en dashes instead. Alternatively, insert en-dash from the Insert>Symbol menu. In appearance, an en dash is slightly longer than a hyphen (-), approximately the width of a capital N, while an em dash is slightly longer than an en dash, approximately the width of a capital M (hence their names). It’s the middle one of the three in terms of size—bigger than a hyphen, smaller than an em dash. My reference guide unless otherwise noted used instead of the en dash ( — ) is for... 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