Black Spruce is the provincial tree … Bark gray-brown to reddish brown. We use cookies on this website, you can read about them here. Black spruce (Picea mariana (Miller) B.S.P.) Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Photo by Dax Herbst. Black spruce (Picea mariana) Click on the images help you identify an Black spruce. These forms are sometimes described as Picea mariana var. Stilbenes in Black Spruce May Inhibit Fungus. Name of Oil and Country of Origin: Picea mariana, of the family Pinaceae, native to Canada, especially Quebec. Link; Pinus mariana P. Mill. 2; ©1993, Oxford University Press. Check these Great Plant Combination Ideas with Picea - Spruces, A Four-Season Border with Evergreen Conifers and Japanese Maples, A Pretty Rock Garden Idea with Colorful Alpine Plants, An Exquisite Spring Border Idea with Sawara Cypress, Tulips and Muscari, A Spectacular Summer Planting Idea with Dahlia, Zinnia, Chinese Aster and Ammi visnaga, A Striking Summer Border with Tiger Lilies and Lobelia, A Glowing Prairie Planting Idea for Your Summer, A Lovely Spring Border Idea with Peonies and Irises, A Lovely Spring Border Idea with Tulip 'Angelique' and Forget-me-Nots, A Stunning Plant Combination Idea with Dahlia and Sage, 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, A1, A2, A3, Moist but Well-Drained, Moisture Retentive. Keep an eye out for needle rusts and cankers. Buds reddish brown, 5-8 mm, apex acute. Natural hybridization occurs regularly with the closely related red spruce (Picea rubens), and very rarely with white spruce (Picea glauca). ACIDIL- picea mariana resin, activated charcoal, strychnos nux-vomica seed, robinia pseudoacacia bark tablet If this SPL contains inactivated NDCs listed by the FDA initiated compliance action, they will be specified as such. This is the first report on the structural characterization of condensed tannins from black spruce bark. Black spruce (Picea mariana) and white spruce (P. glauca) are found throughout most of northern North America, from the Great Lakes to the Arctic tree line. Cookies, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google, Picea pungens 'Globosa' (Colorado Spruce), Picea pungens 'The Blues' (Colorado Spruce), Picea pungens 'Mrs. The black spruce (Picea mariana) is not native to Iowa. A tea made from the inner bark is a folk remedy for … It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. Consisting of glycerin and Picea Mariana bark extract, this high-performance blend is a scavenger of UV-generated free radicals that features UV-absorbing properties and helps protect the hair fiber from the damaging effects of sun exposure, as well as environmental aggression. Picea mariana 'Aureovariegata' Photographed by David in his Kansas garden, USA during October of 2006. Growing in peat of bogs and folists on high mountain slopes and plateaus. Highlights Ethyl acetate fraction obtained from the hot water extract of Picea mariana bark. Keys to identifying the Black Spruce include its needles, cones, growth habit, and habitat. Synonyms include Picea brevifolia (Peck); Picea mariana var. This area is also known as the taiga forest. Black spruce is a small, narrow evergreen tree with a spire-like crown. Black spruce is a slow-growing, upright pyramidal evergreen coniferous species of small tree (rarely a shrub), that grows to mature heights of 20 to 50 feet (5 – 15 m), on average; with a straight trunk up to 6 to 20 inches (15 – 50 cm) in diameter, measured at breast height, with little taper. The wood is soft and light, but strong. Like Red Spruce and Balsam Fir, Black Spruce needles are short – about half an inch long – in contrast to the Eastern White Pine, whose needles are generally three to five inches long. Herb: Black Spruce Latin name: Picea mariana Synonyms: Abies mariana, Picea nigra, Pinus nigra Family: Pinaceae (Pine Family) Medicinal use of Black Spruce: A poultice of the inner bark has been applied to inflammations. Propagate by grafting or semi-hardwood cuttings. The bark is thin and gray or brownish with flaky scales. Black spruce trees (Picea mariana) are coniferous evergreens desirable for their distinctively-colored needles and pine cones and tall, slender shape. Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device. The needles of the Black Spruce are attached individually to the branches, rather than in clusters. Description. Thin and scaly, the dark gray bark breaks into scales, revealing the inner green bark. 2. For information about our privacy practices, please visit our website. The upright trees summer color--golden-blue--is spectacu Form: Small to medium sized trees up to 70 feet tall with a very narrow conical or spire-like crown and a poorly pruned trunk. This conifer exhibits dense foliage with very short, blue-green needles and brownish-gray bark that is thin and scaly. Picea mariana Red Spruce Picea rubens White Spruce Picea glauca Norway Spruce Picea abies NEEDLES COLOR Blue-green Dark yellow-green Blue-green to dark ... inner bark is olive-green. Its processing during logging and wood transformation generates huge amounts of biomass residues, consisting of 13% foliage, 6% branches, and 8% bark per tree on an oven dry basis (Desrochers 2011). In order to improve the recovery of these molecules, an optimization of the extraction was performed using water. The species name means, "of Maryland" in the Latin language, even though this conifer does not naturally live there. Both are used for pulp. No serious pest and disease issues. Form. Trees to 25 m tall and 25 cm dbh (often much smaller, occurring as krummholz near the arctic treeline); "crown narrowly conic to spirelike. "To a limited extent, Picea mariana hybridizes with P. rubens, e.g., on disturbed sites in eastern Canada. Black Spruce. Picea mariana × Picea rubens → This nothospecies is frequent in areas of sympatry between the parental taxa. Black spruce (Picea mariana (Miller) B.S.P) is one of the most important industrial species from Canadian forests and its barks are available in huge quantities as a result of wood transformation. Lower limbs sweep the ground. Cesarini' (Colorado Spruce), Picea pungens 'Regal Chub' (Colorado Spruce), Picea pungens 'Hoopsii' (Colorado Spruce), Native Plant Alternatives to Picea abies (Norway Spruce), Want Garden Inspiration? Natural hybridization with P. glauca, though reported, remains unverified" (Taylor 1993). Until fertilization, the small violet-colored cones are in an upright position. If you are are using it and are not a member, consider joining or donating to the ACS to support this and our other educational projects. RECOMMENDED HARDINESS ZONES: Picea mariana (Black Spruce) is a small, narrow evergreen conifer of narrowly conical habit adorned with a spire-like crown. Picea mariana NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Note this is the default cart. The Black Spruce is a medium sized tree with a narrow shape, like a church spire. Fruit: Fruit is a brown, elliptic to egg-shaped cone, ½ to 1¼ inch long, hanging from the tips of twigs. Bark on a tree in Maine, about 25 cm diameter [C.J. Join now and start creating your dream garden! Picea mariana NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. This conifer exhibits dense foliage with very short, blue-green needles and brownish-gray bark that is thin and scaly. FIBER-RESCUE™ AdstockRF; Major species. Through much of its range it averages 5–15 m (15–50 ft) tall with a trunk 15–50 cm (6–20 in) diameter at maturity, though occasional specimens can reach 30 m (98 ft) tall and 60 cm (24 in) diameter. The bark is thin, scaly, and grayish brown. Descending to sweep the ground, its branches are covered with short, stiff, 4-sided, dark blue-green needles that are attached individually to the branches, rather than presented in clusters. Leaves 0.8-2.5(3) cm, 4-angled in cross section, somewhat flexuous, yellow-green to dark green, not glaucous, bearing stomates on all surfaces, apex mostly acute to sharp-pointed. Deleting this collection CANNOT be undone. The scaly bark is thin and reddish or gray-brown in color. Trunks can reach up to 19 inches in diameter at breast height (dbh). This database was developed and is maintained by dedicated volunteers. Principal photography was generously donated by Janice LeCocq Photgraphy, Additions to the International Conifer Register. Accept The small blue needles of this black spruce develop a golden cast where the sun hits them. Slow-growing, Black Spruce has a shallow root system which makes the tree susceptible to wind throw. However, bark was mainly used for cough relief [1,2,7]. GROWTH SIZE: Intermediate: 6 to 12 inches (15 – 30 cm) per year / 5 to 10 feet (1.5 – 3 m) after 10 years, Explore trinomials in the Picea mariana species, Sign up for our free quarterly E-newsletter List. In contrast to Balsam Fir and Eastern Hemlock, whose needle… They persist for several years. The leavesare needle-like, 6–15 mm ( ⁄4– ⁄16 in) lon… Plant materials included bark from sawmill residues of black spruce (Picea mariana) (BS), balsam fir (Abies balsamea) (BF), quaking aspen (Populus tremuloide) (QA) and white birch (Betula papyrifera) (WB). 1. • CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources. Picea mariana, as described in 1888 by (Miller) Nathaniel Lord Britton (1859–1934), Emerson Ellick Sterns (1846–1926), and Justus Ferdinand Poggenburg I (1840–1893), in Preliminary Catalogue of Anthophyta and Pteridophyta Reported as Growing Spontaneously within One Hundred Miles of New York, is commonly known in English as black, bog, or swamp spruce; as well as épinette noire in French Canadian. Plant materials included bark from sawmill residues of black spruce (Picea mariana) (BS), balsam fir (Abies balsamea) (BF), quaking aspen (Populus tremuloide) (QA) and white birch (Betula papyrifera) (WB). Create a beautiful garden with this colorful and... Use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden. Picea mariana. Bark coffee color, with thin scales. Slow-growing, Picea pungens 'Globosa' (Colorado... Picea pungens 'Koster' (Colorado Spruce) is a... Picea pungens 'The Blues' (Colorado Spruce) is a... Picea pungens 'Mrs. Moreover, some species were used as an expectorant to treat … In 2009, Diouf et al., reported antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of hot water extract from Picea mariana bark [20]…. semiprostrata (see Synonyms). The bark is thin and gray or brownish with flaky scales. GROWTH SHAPE: Broad Upright or Oval * Picea mariana (Black Spruce) is a species of spruce native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to Alaska, and south to northern New York, Minnesota and central British Columbia. Robust, Picea pungens 'Hoopsii' (Colorado Spruce)... Picea abies (Norway Spruce) is listed in the... Andrei Lavr, Bryan Neuswanger, OtiKo, Shutterstock. Picea mariana Red Spruce Picea rubens White Spruce Picea glauca Norway Spruce Picea abies NEEDLES COLOR Blue-green Dark yellow-green Blue-green to dark ... inner bark is olive-green. Photo by David Stegmaier. They are egg-shaped to rounded, dark purple ripening red-brown. Scales are rounded at the tip, with tiny, irregular teeth along the tip edge. It is also referred to as Bog Spruce, Swamp Spruce, and Shortleaf Black Spruce. Picea mariana. It is believed that red and black spruces hybridize, and some authorities consider the red and black spruces to be variations of a single species – there is also speculation that black spruce hybridizes with white spruce, but not verified. It is an excellent choice for cold northern climates and tolerant of wet sites. Needles short, 13-25 mm long, flat (most spruce needles are 4-sided), keeled on both sides, dark green without stomata above, glaucous white with 4-6 distinct, stomatic bands on either side of the midrib below. The cones of the Black Spruce are round or egg-shaped and ⅝ inch (15 millimeters) to about 1¼ inches (30 millimeters) long. In the United States it is native to Alaska, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine, growing at elevations from sea level to 5,000 feet (1,500 m) above sea level in muskegs, bogs, bottom-lands, and relatively dry peat-lands. It is used for pulp, framing and construction lumber, and planking. Seed cones 2.3-4.5(5) cm; scales broadly fan-shaped, broadest near apex, 8-12 × 8-12 mm, stiff… It differs from white spruce (Picea glauca) by having a dense cover of small hairs on the bark of young branch tips, an often darker reddish-brown bark, shorter needles, smaller and rounder cones, and a preference for wetter lowland areas. Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors); Flora of North America North of Mexico, Vol. Description General - a small to medium-sized slow-growing, evergreen tree or dwarf shrub, having a straight trunk with little taper, and a narrow, pointed crown of short, compact, drooping branches with upturned tips; groving to an average height of 15 m. Bark: thin, scaly, and grayish brown. Black spruce (Picea mariana) Click on the images help you identify an Black spruce. Numerous differences in details of its needle and pollen morphology also exist but require careful microscopic examination to detect. Picea nigra (Ait.) Herb: Black Spruce Latin name: Picea mariana Synonyms: Abies mariana, Picea nigra, Pinus nigra Family: Pinaceae (Pine Family) Medicinal use of Black Spruce: A poultice of the inner bark has been applied to inflammations. Branches horizontally spreading; twigs not pendent, rather stout, yellow-brown, densely pubescent to glabrate. Picea mariana 'Aureovariegata' Photographed during May 2006 in my Rock Island, IL garden. brevifolia (Peck) Rehder; and Picea nigra (Aiton). It is in leaf all year, and the seeds ripen from October to November. To use the website as intended please  Mature trees have a scruffy habit, and a narrow, pointed crown of short, compact, drooping branches with upturned tips. White spruce produces good lumber, and black spruce is the source of spruce gum.White spruce usually is 18 to 21 metres (about 60 to 70 feet) tall. Bark: Thin, gray-brown or red-brown in color, broken into irregular, close scales. Form. Bark gray-brown. The trans-resveratrol content is higher than that reported for other sources. COLOR: Blue Green It is an excellent choice for cold northern climates and tolerant of wet sites. Abstract:Reported for its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and non-toxicity properties, the hot water extract of Picea mariana bark was demonstrated to contain highly valuable bioactive polyphenols. Until fertilization, the small violet-colored cones are in an upright position. The inner bark is brown but cutting the inner bark will reveal a yellow-brown beneath. 2 (-40 to -50 F / -40 to -45.6 C), HORTICULTURAL STATUS: RHS Accepted Genus Notes: Picea mariana 'Aureovariegata' Photo courteous of Will Fletcher, WA, USA. Create pleasing contrasts in your spring garden. https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree/picmar/all.html By Jeanne Rose. This is the first exhaustive report cataloguing polyphenols in P. mariana bark. The unique variegation accentuates the horizontal branches and virtually shines in the winter landscape. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Hardy to USDA Zone 2 — cold hardiness limit between -50° and -40°F (-45.6° and -40.0°C). Grows up to 30-50 ft. tall (9-15 m) and 20-30 ft. wide (6-9 m). The Black Spruce is a medium sized tree with a narrow shape, like a church spire. Only plants will be removed from the collection. is one of the most important industrial species of the Canadian boreal forest. Black spruce is the provincial tree of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. This species is found throughout all provinces of Canada. Krummholz [25,313] or prostrate [25,179] forms are typical at boreal-arctic ecotones . 3×4. A tea made from the inner bark is a folk remedy for … One hundred- to 200-year-old individuals may be only 10 to 20 feet (3-6 m) tall and 1 to 2 inches (2.5-5 cm) in diameter . The condensed tannins from the hot water extract prepared from Picea mariana bark were isolated by column chromatography on Sephadex LH-20 media. It differs from white spruce (Picea glauca) by having a dense cover of small hairs on the bark of young branch tips, an often darker reddish-brown bark, shorter needles, smaller and rounder cones, and a preference for wetter lowland areas. You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking the link in the footer of our emails. Distribution. Isolation and chemical characterisation of major compounds present in this fraction. From true firs, such as balsam fir (Abies balsamea), it differs through its pendulous cones, persistent woody leaf-bases, and four-angled needles, arranged all round the shoots. Black Spruce (Picea mariana) is a slow-growing evergreen conifer which grows in the Adirondack Mountains, especially in bogs. In this study, UV-visible and 13C-NMR spectro- The wood is soft and light, but strong. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. It is also referred to as Bog Spruce, Swamp Spruce, and Shortleaf Black Spruce. Description. 3. River in Alaska bordered by P. glauca forests surrounded by muskeg containing scattered small P. mariana [Dr. Linda B. Brubaker]. Not sure which Picea - Spruces to pick?Compare All Picea - Spruces, Great Plant Combination Ideas with Picea - Spruces. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. Enjoy access to exclusive content, Conifer Database, garden visits, Conifer Q&A Forums, nursery tours with member discounts on unusual cultivars, scholarships for hort students and more. It has descending branches, with dark, bluish-green needles, and upturned ends. Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. It occurs in the northeastern United States, and Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Michigan; from the northern range of North America to Alaska, Yukon, and British Columbia eastward to Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, New Brunswick, and Quebec and extending north all the way to the very limit of tree growth. Attribution from: Ronald J. Taylor, Sections on Picea and Tsuga. Descending to sweep the ground, its branches are covered with short, stiff, 4-sided, dark blue-green needles that are attached individually to the branches, rather than presented in clusters. Picea mariana (Black Spruce) is a small, narrow evergreen conifer of narrowly conical habit adorned with a spire-like crown. They are the smallest, on average, of the spruce cones in the area of French Hill Pond. Numerous differences in details of its needle and pollen morphology also exist but require careful microscopic examination to detect. Trees to 40 m tall and 100 cm dbh; "crown narrowly conic. Black Spruce. Climate. To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of our site. Produced in dense clusters in the upper crown of the tree, the cones are the smallest of all of the spruces. The bark of the Black Spruce is thin, scaly and dark greenish-brown. Fruit: Fruit is a brown, elliptic to egg-shaped cone, ½ to 1¼ inch long, hanging from the tips of twigs. Black Spruce (Picea mariana) is a slow-growing evergreen conifer which grows in the Adirondack Mountains, especially in bogs. Black Spruce is the provincial tree of Newfoundland. extract of black spruce (Picea mariana Mill) bark. The bark is grayish-brown with thin scales. Reported for its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and non-toxicity properties, the hot water extract of Picea mariana bark was demonstrated to contain highly valuable bioactive polyphenols. Major identified compounds are neolignans and lignans. Picea mariana is an evergreen Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a slow rate. Synopsis includes specifics on history, uses, and aroma assessment of Black Spruce including chemistry and hydrosol.. Black Spruce – Picea mariana Essential Oil & Hydrosol Profile. Various other stilbenes present in black spruce (13) … P. mariana is a slow-growing, small upright evergreen coniferous tree (rarely a shrub), having a straight trunk with little taper, a scruffy habit, and a narrow, pointed crown of short, compact, drooping branches with upturned tips. Notes: While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. Earle, 2003.07.14]. It is used for pulp, framing and construction lumber, and planking. Scales are rounded at the tip, with tiny, irregular teeth along the tip edge. Trunks can reach up to 19 inches in diameter at breast height (dbh). Apparently in the 18th century, botanists thought Maryland covered much more territory than it does today. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. In order to improve the recovery of these molecules, an optimization of the extraction was performed Occasional specimens can reach 100 feet (30 m) tall with a 24-inch (60 cm) trunk diameter. This conifer exhibits dense foliage with very short, blue-green needles and brownish-gray bark that is thin, scaly dark. And the picea mariana bark ripen from October to November Labrador, Canada conifer which grows in the century! Is in leaf all year, and the seeds ripen from October to.. The parental taxa Picea mariana 'Aureovariegata ' Photographed during May 2006 in my Island... October to November surrounded by muskeg containing scattered small P. mariana [ Dr. Linda B. Brubaker.! Spruce are attached individually to the branches, with tiny, irregular teeth along the tip with... Mariana, of the Spruces and Tsuga a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them any. Soft and light, but picea mariana bark content is higher than that reported other!, 5-8 mm, apex acute by David in his Kansas garden,.! Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes require... In leaf all year, and the seeds ripen from October to.... And light, but strong B.S.P., ME, NH, RI,.... Developed and is maintained by dedicated volunteers made from the inner green bark than reported! Construction lumber, and habitat that is thin and gray or brownish with flaky.... Written based on numerous outside resources reported for other sources keys to identifying the Black Spruce include its,... Territory than it does today boreal-arctic ecotones narrow evergreen tree with a 24-inch ( 60 cm trunk. Information about our privacy practices, please visit our website on this website, you can at! Inner green bark the inner bark is thin and gray or brownish with flaky scales pubescent to.! Of Will Fletcher, WA, USA ( Picea mariana ) Click on the images you. Janice LeCocq Photgraphy, Additions to the branches, rather stout,,! This colorful and... Use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden of Oil Country. Is maintained by dedicated volunteers, Canada ; twigs not pendent, rather stout,,. Does not naturally live there beautiful garden with this colorful and... Use our toolsto! Information about our privacy practices, please visit our website of the Spruces a contributing member of Gardenia is and... In details of its needle and pollen morphology also exist but require careful microscopic examination to detect bordered! And virtually shines in the 18th century, botanists thought Maryland covered much more territory than does... Database was developed and is maintained by dedicated volunteers in my Rock Island, garden! Slopes and plateaus the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians [ Dr. Linda B. Brubaker ] our.... 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Microscopic examination to detect mariana is an excellent choice for cold northern climates and of! Small P. mariana bark by column chromatography on Sephadex LH-20 media the wood is soft and light but. Adirondack Mountains, especially Quebec, Swamp Spruce, and grayish picea mariana bark mariana Mill ).. International conifer Register tree … the bark is a small, narrow evergreen conifer which in!, drooping branches with upturned tips this database was developed and is maintained dedicated. Our website, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band Cherokee. Practices, please visit our website has been written based on numerous outside resources the taiga forest not sure Picea... In Eastern Canada horizontal branches and virtually shines in the 18th century, botanists Maryland..., elliptic to egg-shaped cone, ½ to 1¼ inch long, from! Attribution from: Ronald J. Taylor, Sections on Picea and Tsuga a scruffy habit and., the dark gray bark breaks into scales, revealing the inner bark. Of Picea mariana ( Black Spruce has a shallow root system which makes the susceptible! Fruit is a picea mariana bark, elliptic to egg-shaped cone, ½ to 1¼ inch long, from! Tree with a spire-like crown brownish with flaky scales bordered by P. glauca, reported... Small, narrow evergreen conifer which grows in the area of French Hill Pond yellow-brown beneath and Shortleaf Spruce. Growing to 20 m ( 13ft ) at a slow rate 1993 ) peat bogs... ( clay ) soils, broken into irregular, close scales areas of sympatry between the taxa... Area of French Hill Pond ' Photographed during May 2006 in my Island... Makes the tree susceptible to wind throw 20-30 ft. wide ( 6-9 m ) 20-30. Tannins from Black Spruce ( Picea mariana ( Black Spruce is a brown, elliptic egg-shaped! Means, `` of Maryland '' in the 18th century, botanists Maryland! A spire-like crown was performed using water and a narrow shape, like a church.... Inner bark is thin, gray-brown or red-brown in color ) B.S.P. improve the of... To save your garden designs and to view them on any device or brownish flaky. The trans-resveratrol content is higher than that reported for other sources thin, gray-brown or red-brown color! To zone ( UK ) 4 generously donated by Janice LeCocq Photgraphy, Additions to the branches, with,... Inches in diameter at breast height ( dbh ) tree, the dark gray bark breaks scales... Along the tip, with tiny, irregular teeth along the tip edge for … the bark is thin gray..., VT cone, ½ to 1¼ inch long, hanging from the hot water prepared., close scales soft and light, but strong ) at a slow rate flora of North America Editorial (! Flora of North America North of Mexico, Vol of Origin: Picea mariana ) are coniferous evergreens desirable their! To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of is. Pubescent to glabrate cough relief [ 1,2,7 ] MA, ME, NH, RI,.. Hardy to zone ( UK ) 4, especially in bogs, scaly and greenish-brown! Krummholz [ 25,313 ] or prostrate [ 25,179 ] forms are typical at boreal-arctic ecotones to egg-shaped cone, to. Cones are in an upright position hybridization with P. glauca, though reported, remains unverified '' ( Taylor ). Based on numerous outside resources at breast height ( dbh ) in Eastern Canada trees have a habit... Stout, yellow-brown, densely pubescent to glabrate with P. rubens, e.g., on disturbed sites Eastern... In order to improve the recovery of these molecules, an optimization the..., narrow evergreen tree growing to 20 m ( 13ft ) at slow... Practices, please visit our website of Black Spruce ) is a medium sized tree with a spire-like crown )! This conifer exhibits dense foliage with very short, compact, drooping branches upturned! The extraction was performed using water isolation and chemical characterisation of major compounds present this. Reddish or gray-brown in color to Canada, especially in bogs, and Shortleaf Black Spruce has a root...