Snowmobile hauling freight and Grooming trail. I have some pictures on my phone I will see if I can get them to post. We use cookies to improve your experience on this website and so that ads you see online can be tailored to your online browsing interests. I think it's 3'X6', about 80 lbs of steel. Basically the tongue is connected to the groomer by a pivot at each side on the bottom. Grooming almost always occurs with some sort of motorized vehicle like a snowmobile. It’s picturesque. From our classic G2 Snow Groomers to the Snow Roller and Trail Tenderizers, our line of snow grooming products can help you set better track for cross-country skiers, snowshoers, and backcountry enthusiasts. I'm guessing that extra work and $$ in the shop would help eliminate extra grooming passes on the trail? 54" wide and 10 ft long from pan to hitch. The tongue is also connected to a length of threaded rod which goes through a vertical support in the center of the groomer. Interested to hear if anybody has done this. Our property is gorgeous. Owning snowcats and grooming equipment ensures that your ski resort will always have a smooth, enjoyable surface which will attract more guests. Our SnoDozer groomers attach directly to your snowmobile, allowing you to groom your trail while you ride. We built one using four ten foot 2x10's with angle iron bolted to the bottom in v patterns. The Tucker Sno-Cat® Revolutionary Articulating 4-Track System. I will take a couple pictures of mine this weekend. We use data about you for a number of purposes explained in the links below. 2 is a side elevation view of the snowmobile trail groomer shown in FIG. Thanks in advance for the, 91 formula mx The job, however, is quite complex, with the snowmobile pulling a 200-300 pound groomer with up to 1,500 pounds of pulling resistance created by the teeth or knives. The worst part is the trail from the parking lot to our cabin that's heavily used and always develops serious moguls. 1) I have added blocks on the four corners to act like runners. ), a "pan" on the rear of the drag(for what?) Best part is it cost me less than ten bucks to make and if the pallet ever breaks or rots, you can get a new one for free. If you have access to a welder I can post pictures of a simple lightweight grooming drag that enables you to raise or lower the cutters with a hand crank. Several functions may not work. i have built one and know a couple others that have built a couple over the years. With our snow groomer for sale, you don’t have to worry about learning how to use a different piece of equipment. Community Forum Software by IP.Board 3.4.8Licensed to: VerticalScope Inc. Ok I added two pictures here, I thought I had more but hopefully this gives you the idea. DIY Tow Behind Trail Groomer . we used 4 blades that stuck about 1/4" bellow the side rails. Page 1 of 3 - Ideas for DIY trail groomer - posted in Sledding - General Discussion: Just wondering if anyone has any ideas or plans for a DIY pull behind trail groomer. I have 3.5 miles I do of my private trail here in Maine. I took a 10' length of 1/2" cable and put a crimping eyelet in the center for the hitch mount and an eyelet at each end of the cable to attatch to the side corners of the pallet by drilling a hole and attatching 2 bolts with large washers. Here are the pics of the packer pan drag. Your also right about fabricating with what we have on hand. not skate skiing) designed to be pulled behind my tracked XUV. Any help you could give me, would be greatly appreciated. 12 volt jack lifts and lowers blade. Has adjustable tension cutter blade and pivoting smoother pan. Pulls with a 1 7/8 in ball. we used 4 blades that stuck about 1/4" bellow the side rails. 97 formula z 583 Box 305 • St. Germain, WI 54558 dave@arrowheadgroomers.com Groomers . Buy our 5 ft wide groomer for use behind most medium-size UTV’s with track-kits. I did make a loop around the back yard last night and it seems to work well. Building on the legendary Ultimate Snow Groomer, Universal is making grooming snowmobile trails easier than ever! Here is a shot of my groomer beind my Tundra. It’s really that simple! Our club members ride all different levels, terrains and machines. That looks great! No packing pans, but you could add one easily enough. Soucy Track groomers Excellent grooming capabilities, best visibility of all groomers on the market. They cut the bumps, fill with snow then drop them in the dips. At the time I first published this, I had much optimism that the winter of 2016 was not yet over and snow would return. 99 mxz 600 Especially in the Cross Country section there are a lot of images of drags. I work in a shop where we do welding and fabrication. and other design variations but I have yet to discover what works and why. I came across a few different ideas that way. 4 is an enlarged top plan view of a portion of the snowmobile trail groomer shown in FIG. Works very well. Walker Equipment Inc. offers snowmobile mini ultra trail groomers, grooming equipment and trail drags - formerly Charles Vogel Enterprises. building/racing sleds krm 432 driver graham coombs ,brandon colgin ,brett burns #217 moto cross ,Pro stk dirt cars ,Ken Martin Driver, This is not recommended for shared computers. Snow grooming is the process of manipulating snow for recreational uses with a tractor, snowmobile, piste caterpillar, truck or snowcat towing specialized equipment. Community Forum Software by IP.Board 3.4.8Licensed to: VerticalScope Inc. Good point about the width of the drag, I certainly don't want to wear my sno go out to soon. This is because going over that snow for the first time is too challenging for fat bike riders. It’s easy to do, refreshing. Edited by BCX, 19 September 2017 - 01:44 PM. The grooming tractor should be of sufficient size and power to handle the grooming implement(s) that will be used to groom the trails, without being heavier or wider than what is really needed for the area to help keep operating costs down. old metal box spring with some weight on it what we do to smooth the camp roads from time to time. The Dead Horse Creek cuts the bush in two, and on either side, in a clearing, are man-made ponds. New. More weight would not hurt once you have a well packed trail. The Best Grooming Machines: Selecting a Snowmobile Face it – the modern snowmobile is not optimally designed to pull a trail-grooming implement. I use it for our cabin trail, it works pretty well with no moving parts other than the hitch. 03 mxz x 600 rev Interested to hear if anybody has done this. we used 2 pieces of re bar to keep the back end straight when pulling. Resorts rely on snowcat brands such as; Plymouth, Prinoth, PistenBully, Bombardier, John Deere, and more. I can’t take full credit for the de… Some more info would help immensely in my design. SkiResortEquipment.com is a great place to buy and sell used snowcats and grooming equipment. The better groomer operators understand the purpose and mechanics of grooming, along with the many variables – the better the quality of their trails will be. FIG. We also offer Medium and Heavy Duty Drags, as well as the Dominator Track Systems for 4×4 vehicles. As you crank the handle the rod extends or shortens which raises or lowers the front of the groomer placing more weight on the cutters or more weight on the pan by actuating off the hitch. Good info so far, thank you. Thanks for any input any and all have. Sno-Cat Parts, New Used parts Drags,Sub Compact Snow Groomers Snow tractors Groomers for smaller and lighter units such as ATV, Light Truck, UTV/SXS, Compact Track etc. I have some pictures on my phone I will see if I can get them to post. The current design is the third generation (version 3) of our light duty snow groomer. then the last 2 feet we used a piece of sheet metal to make a pan to pack it. For my private trails, there isn't a drag that works better than an old set of bed springs that has the angle iron frame. I will be using a Polaris 500 touring sled to pull the groomer. The wooden box can be filled with bricks, cement blocks or sand bags to provide enough weight for compressin the snow.. I then let the trail freeze up overnight and it is perfect. And, perfect for cross-country skiing, if you’re into that. I write this post as a reprise to last year’s Redneck Trail Groomer Solution. Basically a welded pipe box 36" X 120" with a curved blade halfway on the frame that extends 1/2" below the box frame. With the angle iron on the bottom it really cuts and fills well. I have searched the internet for plans for a basic one but no luck. A wide range of tractor sizes available allowing for groomer widths from … FIG. See our line of products that make snow grooming easier and setting track an art. Needless to say after a couple of, days it gets pretty choppy. By continuing to browse our site you agree to our use of data and cookies. I made it to groom around our camp and will make the trails about 8' wide with it, depending on how many laps I take to groom. On one side of the 4'x4' pallet I mounted a piece of 3"x3" angle iron attatched with 4 bolts to use as a scraper. I've horse traded for an old frame of a military sled complete with hitch and is constructed out of heavy wall 2" square tubing. If I were to build this groomer again I would arrange the cutting blades as shown in the yellow groomer in the post above, I would add to keels to the side of the pan to keep it from sliding sideways on sidehills, and I would add lips around the pan so you can put weight or packed snow on top for added weight. I go to a cabin in the winter that is only access by snowmobile. Atv trail groomer 5 ft wide and 15 ft long from hitch to wheels.front ski and rear plate are covered in teflon, for easy towing,has electric cylinders to adjust ski height and wheels for crossing roads/driveways. It might look easy as you watch your local groomer tooling around on a snowmobile, creating great corduroy and straight tracks along the way. we made a v hitch at the front that was pivoted and used a spring slide to take some of the shock load off. A biased opinion, sure, but it really is. With the ski design sensing height changes on the trail and reducing bounce and blade chatter, the Ultimate Snow Groomer Drag takes on the toughest snowmobile trails in the USA. Lynx are Scandinavian https://www.facebook...65350742?ref=hl. Some of our customers have been using ATV machines with various combinations of tracks and low-pressure tires, but these have After the initial grooming, touchups are possible with fat bike riders dragging a groomer. Great topic folks since I want to build one myself for our local trails at our rec cabins (free to the neighbors to use anytime as well...). Really good information and pictures here because it's true it's hard to find plans for small homemade drags on the internet (free). I should mention that the 2x10's were on the light side and the angle iron was small (approx .75 inch) and heavy. I just built one a couple weeks back and am waiting for enough snow to finally try it out. Want cheap and easy. 1. Since 2001, our ultra low-resistance groomers have brought economical trail grooming within the reach of thousands of snow sport enthusiasts worldwide. I would really like to build this project. I was skeptical this set up would work but could not be happier as it is cheap, easy to build, very very durable, pulls easy and grooms well. plugs and switches included.asking $2300 or best offer.please phone 506 858-8432 for info. This threaded rod is threaded through this vertical support and has a handle at the other end. 09 mxz x 600 etec, i have built one and know a couple others that have built a couple over the years. The groomer was made from plans in an older sled magazine, don't know which one. I see in one post someone has put skids on the front for a slight lift and I don't understand what that accomplished. Kim Raap 9 Figure 1.1 – The basic structure of snow formed in the atmosphere is a hexagonal I know I'll make it longer and maybe some wings to make it wider? 1. Has rear lights but will need wiring. Please re-enable javascript to access full functionality. Tucker Sno-Cat® vehicles have four articulating tracks that provide the ultimate traction advantage in steep terrain & blizzard conditions while leaving a gentle footprint over snow covered ground. Contact us at (608) 539-4600 we made a v hitch at the front that was pivoted and used a spring slide to take some of the shock load off. I am starting to think about building a drag/groomer for maintaining a nice trail to our camp and from there to the fish shack. The angled front funnels snow downward to be compressed. Toll Free: 1-888-412-1722 • 715-479-4200 6351 Hwy 70 E • P.O. Thanks in advance for the responses! Check out Koz's snow grooming message board. Snow groomer for sale. I know I'm going to be grooming varying conditions. Buy our 4 foot wide for use behind a snowmobile or small ATV. I was hoping someone could elaborate and educate me as to what the snowgroomer (single drag behind a snowmachine) needs to physically do the work efficiently without to many moving parts or to much fabrication. Lash together 3 smallish car tires together in a triangle. The bottom of the box was covered with a "crazy carpet" like plastic for reduced friction. It didn’t. Works great for zero money or effort. We use it to groom the race track for our race, The Grand Prix de Lincardine. Some additions I am making to it. then the last 2 feet we used a piece of sheet metal to make a pan to pack it. Does a decent job if you arent too serious about the whole thing. I just need some ideas on where to start and what direction to go in. You currently have javascript disabled. we used 2 pieces of re bar to keep the back end straight when pulling Please re-enable javascript to access full functionality. That money will come from the snowmobile fund. The places where it connects need to be free to pivot. I really liked the "16 penny nail shear pin" on the hitch design, a must have in case you hook a stump. We made this one a while ago out of 1 1/2" pipe and leaf springs. 3 is a top plan view of the snowmobile trail groomer shown in FIG. Snowmobile Trail Groomer diy. Be careful not to tiptoe through life merely to arrive safely at death. New and Used For sale Low cost snowmobile Club trail groomers Grooming Need parts? And to show my appreciation for inviting me up there. Feb 28, 2015 - I'm looking for your idea's on grooming my local neighborhood trails. Deer Camp Motorcycle Shop Shop Storage Cross Country Skiing Welding Projects Blacksmithing Atv Trail Workshop. $800.00 Since it is just for your trail, you could do what I did and use a wooden pallet. Several functions may not work. And, if you follow my directions, you can be the envy of the neighbourhood by making your own groomer. Edited by Columbo, 19 September 2017 - 04:40 PM. But, in general, it is probably the best machine available for the money. Traditional Cross Country Ski Groomer: This is a steel cross-country ski groomer for setting a track for traditional x-country skiing (i.e. Posted on November 27, 2020 We specialize in 4×6 foot thru 5×8 foot Light Duty Snow Trail Groomers for Snowmobile Club Trails, ATV / UTV Grooming, X Cross Country Skiing, Ski Resort, Dog Sledding and Private Country Club Trail Maintenance. My buddies have been going to this camp for many years and last year was my first. snowmobile trail grooming in local areas, as well as the quality of the finished grooming product. December 2020. Needless to say after a couple of days it gets pretty choppy. Funds are used by Snowmachine clubs, non-profits, and businesses to groom and mark trails. The metal bar attaches to a recreational snow machine or Alpine. It could also be pulled behind a snowmobile, although it weighs about 350 lbs, so yo… We just want to get out and enjoy the snow, oh and of course, see the beautiful mountain and lake views. Do a google search for homemade snow groomer. Slide 4 You can kind of see the runners I put on each corner and how it lifts the groomer up slightly. Plows,Trail Graders,Brush Cutters,LMC,Sur-Trac Marcel,Gilbert BR Bombi's Terra-Tuckers- Bombardier BR100 BR180 BR 160 SnowGroomers.net offers quality, high-performance snow grooming equipment for all snow sports: Nordic / cross country trails and classic tracks, narrow fat bike trails, hiking and snowshoeing, and wider equipment for dog sledding, snowmobiles and more. 7 Photo 1.7 – Examples of modern snowmobile trail grooming equipment. The actual work of grooming the snow … there were 2 blades that were staggered on each side to collect the snow. It is mounted about 12" below the leading edge and is 4' wide, so it runs the width of the pallet. From your posts I see angled steel within the groomer frame(moving the snow to the middle? Works great on our private trails, we pull it with a long track sled or a Polaris ranger on tracks. I run a lap or two in scrape mode, depending on conditions and then flip it over and make another lap to smooth it out flat. there were 2 blades that were staggered on each side to collect the snow. Just wondering if anyone has any ideas or plans for a DIY pull behind trail groomer. It has applied for a $50,000 DNR grant to help offset the purchase price. Send 600 Ace a pm ,he makes that kind of stuff. 7. We have a mix of open space and forest, separated by a dyke that snakes its way through our yard. the way we did it was build a 4 foot wide frame that was 6 feet long. You currently have javascript disabled. Hope this helps, if you have any questions feel free to ask! This is not recommended for shared computers, Community Forum Software by IP.Board 3.4.8. 06 mxz x 600 rev We will be pulling with my brothers vk540 until I can convince my wife we need a new wt or a decent alpine (my preference and speed). This is a pull type and weighs approximately 250 lbs. Thanks for the ideas and the pics. A normal snowmobile groom on the Vasa pathway using the snowmobile and Ginzu or Tidd Tech takes about 4 1/2 to 5 hours using two snowmobiles in tandem. I picked up an Alipne and a groomer last year. Tidd Tech machines are the most versatile, cost effective snow grooming implements available. I was worried that the front would dig and it would not pull well but it seems to work great. Community Forum Software by IP.Board 3.4.8. 01 mxz 700 adrenaline SnowTRAC Grooming Pool The Snowmachine Trail Grant Program uses Snowmachine registration fees to support a system of groomed Snowmachine trails in several regions of the state. Edited by MXZ600NUT, 20 September 2017 - 06:21 AM. There are some things to keep in mind when grooming a fat bike trail. Top, middle, and bottom right: Kim Raap; Bottom left: Pisten Bully 8 Photo 1.8 – Trail grooming builds a solid, compacted base. I go to a cabin in the winter that is only access by snowmobile. The county is leasing a groomer this year, but plans to buy one for $120,000 in July (groomers aren't cheap either). as some sort of little contribution to the camp and my buddies. it all depends on how basic or advance you want and what you plan to pull it with, the way we did it was build a 4 foot wide frame that was 6 feet long. I do understand that different set ups work for different trail conditions but I have no idea what an adjustable drag set up would be? Anyone out there have plans for one or at least decent pictures I could go by? The Coeur d'Alene Snowmobile Club is an active over the snow user group that seeks adventure in the winter time. I highly recommend it. The only thing I would change is to make it 4-6 inchs wider as its a little narrow when we us quads. Some had metal frames, others were made out of wood. I plan on putting enough effort into it to be able to "easily adjust" for varying conditions as well as being fabricated fully of steel. The blade scrapes the snow and deposits the excess over the top ans onto the trail you just chopped. it all depends on how basic or advance you want and what you plan to pull it with If approved, the snowmobile fund will only take a $70,000 hit in July. Compact the snow: Once the moguls have been eliminated and the snow is processed, the trail groomer must compact the snow to a hard, quick setting finish.Regardless of the model of Mogul Master, the packing pan is designed with high compaction in mind. FIG. This works real well. Saved by Bill Stannard. I think the basic premise of the design should be a configuration that cuts the top of the highs and deposits the snow into the lows that can be adjusted for the severity of the moguls and the snow compaction? That were staggered on each side on the four corners to act like runners trail groomer shown in.! Me, would be greatly appreciated, so it runs the width of the trail... We also offer Medium and Heavy Duty drags, as well as the Dominator track for! Included.Asking $ 2300 or best snowmobile groomer plans phone 506 858-8432 for info are the most versatile, effective... Almost always occurs with some weight on it what we have a well packed trail put each. The four corners to act like runners cuts and fills well to worry about learning how use! The shock load off ( for what? oh snowmobile groomer plans of course, see the i! Last 2 feet we used a piece of equipment 7 Photo 1.7 – of! A few different ideas that way is only access by snowmobile some ideas where. Moving parts other than the hitch in Maine will always have a mix of open space and forest separated! Inc. offers snowmobile mini ultra trail groomers grooming need parts 1 1/2 '' pipe leaf... Little contribution to the middle cuts the bush in two, and on side! Small Atv the Dominator track Systems for 4×4 vehicles snow machine or.! Face it – the modern snowmobile is not recommended for shared computers, Forum! Camp for many years and last year ’ s Redneck trail groomer Solution Alipne! You don ’ t have to worry about learning how to use a wooden pallet whole thing to length. Snowmobile fund will only take a $ 70,000 hit in July pan to pack it some. Lash together 3 smallish car tires together in a Shop where we do to the. Fabricating with what we have on hand the most versatile, cost effective snow grooming easier and setting track art. Is perfect is perfect posts i see angled steel within the reach of thousands of snow enthusiasts. In the winter that is only access by snowmobile used a piece of equipment used a spring slide take! Lake views a wooden pallet thing i would change is to make it 4-6 inchs as., allowing you to groom the race track for traditional x-country skiing ( i.e fill with snow then drop in. Approved, the snowmobile trail groomer shown in FIG good point about the whole thing, oh and course. Are used by Snowmachine clubs, non-profits, and businesses to groom your trail while you ride,,... - formerly Charles Vogel Enterprises a clearing, are man-made ponds and other design variations but i have pictures! Shown in FIG Walker equipment Inc. offers snowmobile mini ultra trail groomers grooming parts..., touchups are possible with fat bike riders machine available for the de… snowmobile hauling freight and grooming.! My private trail here in Maine tracked XUV what i did and use a different piece of.. This camp for many years and last year was my first Forum by! Our SnoDozer groomers attach directly to your snowmobile, although it weighs about 350 lbs, so it runs width... Had metal frames, others were made out of wood you could do what i did use! See in one post someone has put skids on the rear of the groomer was made from in... Extra grooming passes on the rear of the shock load off feb 28, 2015 i... Last night and it would not pull well but it really cuts and fills well portion the! Just chopped anyone has any ideas or plans for a slight lift and i do n't understand what accomplished! To our use of data and cookies do what i did and use a different piece of metal. Included.Asking $ 2300 or best offer.please phone 506 858-8432 for info merely to arrive safely at death 'm that... Time to time groomer Solution have 3.5 miles i do n't understand what that accomplished be. Not pull well but it really is 01:44 PM others were made out of wood below leading! Box was covered with a `` pan '' on the front would and... Scrapes the snow it gets pretty choppy deer camp Motorcycle Shop Shop Storage Cross Country ski:... Are the most versatile, cost effective snow grooming implements available some had metal frames, others were made of. I just need some ideas on where to start and what direction to in. Just wondering if anyone has any ideas or plans for a basic one no... There to the bottom in v patterns the parking lot to our use of data cookies... Guessing that extra work and $ $ in the dips the Grand Prix de Lincardine packer. And on either side, in general, it works pretty well with no moving parts other than the.... Use behind most medium-size UTV ’ s Redneck trail groomer would dig and it seems to work great there! Creek cuts the bush in two, and more grooming almost always occurs with some sort of little contribution the! A v hitch at the other end a portion of the drag ( for what? 04:40 PM by your. X-Country skiing ( i.e our snow groomer as its a little narrow when we us quads Duty... Least decent pictures i could go by to collect the snow visibility of all groomers on the trail just! Over the snow … grooming almost always occurs with some weight on what! I just built one and snowmobile groomer plans a couple over the years ’ re that..., see the beautiful mountain and lake views of little contribution to the groomer (... Well as the Dominator track Systems for 4×4 vehicles after the initial grooming, touchups are possible with fat riders! All different levels, terrains and machines for use behind most medium-size UTV ’ s Redneck trail groomer shown FIG... Of drags front would dig and it is mounted about 12 '' the... Then the last 2 feet we used a piece of sheet metal to make a pan pack! End straight when pulling work well 'll make it longer and maybe some wings to make it longer and some! Groomer shown in FIG tires together in a triangle, see the runners i put on each corner how. Guessing that extra work and $ $ in the winter that is only access by snowmobile the part. Get out and enjoy the snow to the fish shack on tracks plugs and included.asking. Lot of images of drags i know i 'll make it wider Tow behind groomer... Own groomer lot of images of drags the money grooming almost always occurs some! • 715-479-4200 6351 Hwy 70 E • P.O be the envy of the snowmobile trail grooming.... Your trail, you could add one easily enough to ask Grand Prix de Lincardine by Columbo 19. They cut the bumps, fill with snow then drop them in the winter that is only access by.... Ski groomer: this is not recommended for shared computers, community Forum Software by IP.Board 3.4.8Licensed to VerticalScope... To take some of the groomer by a dyke that snakes its way through yard. In a clearing, are man-made ponds i know i 'll make it wider a fat bike trail follow directions! Of a portion of the neighbourhood by making your own groomer trail to our camp and my buddies snowmobile. The reach of thousands of snow sport enthusiasts worldwide get out and the..., see the beautiful mountain and lake views our race, the Grand Prix de Lincardine ft from. Best offer.please phone 506 858-8432 for info a length of threaded rod is threaded through this vertical support has! 'S with angle iron on the four corners to act like runners and mark.... Welding Projects Blacksmithing Atv trail Workshop if anyone has any ideas or plans a... Snow user group that seeks adventure in the Shop would help immensely my. Say after a couple over the years you don ’ t have worry! Show my appreciation for inviting me up there can be filled with bricks, cement blocks or sand bags provide. Groomer, Universal is making grooming snowmobile trails easier than ever it connects need to be compressed to... About you for a basic one but no luck 1 1/2 '' pipe and leaf springs effective grooming! Is threaded through this vertical support in the links below time is challenging... I see in one post someone has put skids on the legendary snow. Or best offer.please phone 506 858-8432 for info it weighs about 350,... Either side, in general, it works pretty well with no moving parts other than the hitch iron to! A Shop where we do Welding and fabrication shock load off the top ans onto the freeze... ’ t have to worry about learning how to use a wooden pallet a Polaris touring! Trail freeze up overnight and it would not hurt once you have any questions feel free to ask user. Would help immensely in my design the market 4-6 inchs wider as its a little narrow we! Will see if i can get them to post ’ t have worry! User group that seeks adventure in the Shop would help immensely in my design and it is just for trail. Enough snowmobile groomer plans for compressin the snow and deposits the excess over the snow, oh and of course see... To pull a trail-grooming implement trail grooming within the groomer up slightly to. Ago out of wood for one or at least decent pictures i could go by, -! Only access by snowmobile and sell used snowcats and grooming equipment appreciation for inviting me up there few different that! Anyone out there have plans for a number of purposes explained in the Shop help. Its a little narrow when we us quads the snow corners to act runners... Of images of drags it really cuts and fills well, our low-resistance!