percent. with 15-20 seeds inside of them. Demand for sapele increased as a mahogany substitute in recent years due to genuine mahogany becoming a CITES Appendix II listed species. other North and South American species who have all landed under government Durability - Medium. Its full latin name is Entandrophragma cylindricum. widespread use. It’s a popular choice nowadays for building guitar necks, back and sides. One of the most common use case scenarios for sapele Sapele is also a lustrous wood that works fairly well in all operations - planing, sawing, routing, sanding, etc. Sapele will mill nice, glue nicely, and is a good exterior wood for doors. Sapele wood lumber is used in the construction of fine furniture and cabinetwork, decorative veneers, plywood, joinery, flooring and paneling. In the late 1990s, it started to be used as a board for Basque percussion instruments txalaparta. Countertops 11. Turned objects 7. Sound Characteristics of Sapele lot of Sapele trees prefer to grow quite close to each other, they usually The species grows to a height of up to 45 m (rarely 60 m). One of its most exotic uses is in musical instruments. After a reduction in the availability of South American Mahogany, Sapele became a wood of choice for various woodworking projects that demand the use of high-quality and visually appealing wood. Nigeria, Cameroon, Uganda, Tanzania, and others. roots all the way to the top of the canopy. It is darker in tone and has a distinctive figure, typically applied where figure is important. Various outdoor construction 9. Many manufactures for exterior use prefer using Quarter-sawn material over Flat-sawn because of more stability. at a regular pace. and specialty items. It is very popular for use in joinery and furniture making becuase of its exceptional stability, consistency of quality, and costeffectiveness. Among its more exotic uses is in musical instruments. Is considerably heavier and denser than pine, but otherwise should not be too much more difficult to use. This interlocked grain patterns can not only cause Also like Mahogany, Sapele is a popular wood for guitar necks. I'll break down the pros and cons, based on our experience, so you have a better idea of why these have become our favoured choices. It’s stiff, yet light characteristics give it a bright, clear tone. The leaves are deciduous in the dry season, alternately arranged, pinnate, with 5-9 pairs of leaflets, each leaflet about 10 cm long. Thankfully, after hard work of become very starved for sunlight. Drying - Medium. Sapele has interlocking grain which gives the distinct striped effect when quarter sawn. [3] There are protected populations and felling restrictions in place in various countries. For several years, we have been using sapele for our paint-grade exterior woodwork. Sapele is visually and tonally similar to mahogany, which means it will give you a rich, warm tone without being overly bright. pendulous capsule that is 4 centimeters wide and 10 centimeters long It is used in furniture, carpentry, costumes, luxury apartments, and ship buildings. Because of its wood-processing artisans came to the realization that a viable alternative their height. recently came to terms that legendary Mahogany cannot constantly be harvested like in In recent years, the demand for Sapele as a substitute for mahogany has increased as real mahogany has become a species of Cites Annex II. It’s sold both in lumber and veneer form. After centuries of non-stop exploitation, the worldwide market only evergreen, deciduous and transitional zones. It is also used in manufacturing the neck piece of ukuleles and 26- and 36-string harps. growth. One of the defining characteristics of Sapele is the interlocking grain patterns. Fruit that develops in these Extremely vibrant providing an ideal “diaphragm” for transmission of sound on any size and style of stringed instrument. including high-end wooden objects such as musical instruments, decorative furniture, turned objects Fine furniture 2. of 20% of the population in past three generations. species of trees to grow quite large, with extensive canopy being formed only in the top one-fifth of It is also ideal for painted applications due to its fine graining. Overall a very uniformly colored wood. Cost - Affordable, but with raising cost due to new limits on commercial Spruce. African Timber and Plywood (AT&P), a division of the United Africa Company, had a factory at this location where the wood, along with Triplochiton scleroxylon, Obeche, mahogany, and Khaya was processed into timber which was then exported from the Port of Sapele worldwide. Still, there is a long way to go before Sapele wood is as well-known and popular as Mahogany, Rosewood or Cedar. The wood is well-mannered when it comes to machining and working it with hand tools, making it a pleasure to use in woodworking projects. Used for: Back/sides. I actually used it when trying to describe the difference between a new sapele Martin (the CEO V and a similar guitar made from mahogany). Sustainability - Placed on IUCN Red List and marked as Vulnerable for loss African Timber and Plywood (AT&P), a division of the United Africa Company, had a factory at this location where the wood, along with Triplochiton scleroxylon, Obeche, mahogany, and Khaya was processed into timber which was then exported from the Port of Sapele worldwide. Sapele is starting to get vulnerable. level than Mahogany, in both lumber and veneer form. The name sapele comes from that of the city of Sapele in Nigeria, where there is a preponderance of the tree. Required growth density - No specific requirements for growth density. . praised all around the world. It is a deciduous appearance with the presence of ribbon stripes and many other dramatic For those of you that don’t know, Sapele is used in the construction of fine furniture and cabinet work, decorative veneers, plywood, joinery, flooring and paneling. This is no surprise given that it’s quite a hard wood but is still easy to carve. Sapele (also known also as aboudikro, saplewood, sapelli and Sapele countries such as Tanzania, Nigeria, and Ghana where the individual trees It is occasionally used as a substitute for Genuine Mahogany , and is sometimes referred to as “Sapele Mahogany.” Today, it is ranked as IUCN Red List as a vulnerable species, due to the loss of However, these to Genuine Mahogany can be found in the much cheaper and readily available wood species Sapele. A common question: is this wood safe to use as a plate/bowl/cutting board/etc.? Itcan be polished to a very high luster. Sapele is an attractive African Hardwood, ranging from a reddish brown to a red purple colour. Tonally, it does everything that mahogany does, with a little extra treble zing. Spruce is the most commonly used wood for the soundboard or ‘top’ of the guitar. It is highly recommended to be patient and work slow when machining Sapele because of its interlocked grain. Cabinetry 3. Despite the very long list of woods below, very few woods are actually toxic in and of themselves. protection and complete oversight of the commercial exploitation. once or several times. Tools are moderately blunted during cutting, but the wood Comments: Sapele is a commonly exported and economically important African wood species. Most commonly used for exterior applications (as a window and door material) it is almost completely rot and weather resistant. various issues during woodworking, but it also has an impact on the visual By traveling to the source, we can also guarantee that legal and sustainable forestry practices are being used. Can survive long with proper finishing, average discoloration. Sapele Wood has many characteristics that resemble Mahogany, most notably Today, Sapele is still readily available for purchase at a much cheaper Mahogany) is one of the largest trees that are native to the regions of . part of. Am… This wood can be stained, polished, waxed, oiled, and varnished. As a woodworker, furniture maker, podcaster, blogger, teacher, and Director of Marketing for one of the oldest Lumber companies in the country, he really can't stop talking about wood and the beautiful ways it can be used. Premier Cru 7-ft wood wine rack available in Beech, Sapele (African Mahogany), and Toasted Maple. This commercially important hardwood is reminiscent of mahogany, and is a part of the same Meliaceae family. and usable in construction many types of indoor and outdoor objects, Sapele is a very popular tonewood used primarily on entry level ukuleles. can grow up to impressive height of 45 meters in the air rotate in one way, and can often suddenly switch the direction of rotation Here is a video on the Sapele Wood and what it is. Sapele takes a molded edge very well, and the flat sawn cut is best used for molding applications due to its consistent appearance. Common Wood Species and Grade combinations when using a natural (no stain finish): Mahogany – Sapele – Quarter Sawn (Select / Premium Grade) Color Samples. While the large-scale operations of replanting large quantities of Sapele trees are underway, the global stock The three Sapele is a golden to dark reddish brown. brought into question the sustainability of not only Mahogany, but several the old days, which opened a place for a new contender to enter into Sapele is particularly prized for a lustrous iridescence with colors that range from light pink to brown and gold to red. quick period of adaptation, both large industrial and small-scale straight and without any side-branches that would compromise the integrity Here is where Sapele can be most commonly found today: 1. tree only during a dry season in the West Africa, with leaves that can grow up to 10 centimeters in size. Sapele also takes nails, screws, and glues well, making it versatile and interior applications. in the color of its heartwood ( golden to dark reddish brown, darkens with age if not Here is where Sapele can be most commonly found today: © 2020 - Wood Assistant | Privacy Policy | Contact, Average Dried Weight - 42 lbs/ft3 (670 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC) - .50, .67, Crushing Strength - 8,750 lbf/in2 (60.4 MPa), Modulus of Rupture - 15,930 lbf/in2 (109.9 MPa), Elastic Modulus - 1,746,000 lbf/in2 (12.04 GPa), Shrinkage: Radial - 4.8%, Tangential: 7.2%, Volumetric: 12.8%, T/R Ratio: The name of the city itself is said to be an anglicization of the Urhobo word Uriapele, commemorating a local deity. Africa, while the final air drying procedure is done in large commerce As a part of the genus Entandrophragma and the family of increased popularity and regular use as a substitute for Mahogany, this with five yellowish petals surrounding it. The heartwood is pink when freshly cut, but it matures to a red-brown or purple-brown colour. But what a great number of woods do have the potential to do is cause allergic reactions in sensitive individuals. Since a of this type of lumber is starting to get limited. The name sapele comes from that of the city of Sapele in Nigeria, where there is a preponderance of the tree. very close match in both visual appeal, wood processing, and working Color tends to darken with age. zones of Europe, US and Asia until the moisture content reach 6 to 8 It’s harder than both Honduran and African Mahogany. Sapele comes from West Africa and its scientific name is Entandrophragma cylindricum. Boatbuilding 8. Chosen for its straight, uniform grain, longevity and tensile strength. The fruit is a pendulous capsule about 10 cm long and 4 cm broad; when mature it splits into five sections to release the 15-20 seeds.[4]. Countless years of irresponsible forestry management have Cedar-like scent during woodworking. is indoors, windows, floor, and paneling. Like Mahogany, Sapele is used as both a top wood and a back/sides wood. Because of the increased levels of commercial exploitation, the strongly when in contact with iron, causing the appearance of stains and (also known as Entandrophragma cylindricum) shares thesame botanical family as the famed American and African Mahogany, making it a For us, sapele has the right combination of rot-resistance, dimensional stability, machinability, availability, and … Basically I was saying, in terms of body or dryness, that if rosewood was dark and full bodied like rye or barley, then mahogany would be like whole wheat - and therefore sapele would be more like toasted wheat. Odor - Odorless while finished. We use laminated sapele on the top, back and sides of our entry level Honu models. However, you may order an individual Wood Species Sample / Non-Inventory Color Block. rainforests, it can also be found in different forest types, such as Sapele is a popular choice for veneers on sheet materials, which are widely used for furniture and cabinet making. characteristics cutting and molding, sapele readily accepts finishes and polishes. In woodworking and cutting, these same interlocked grain patterns can cause severe tearouts. Meliaceae, it can be commonly found in rainforests of Ivory Coast, Ghana, more than 20% of total tree population over the past three generations of This African species had many similarities with more costly Genuine Mahogany, The J. Gibson McIlvain Company’s representatives travel to forests and sawmills around the world to ensure that only the most premium lumber is being purchased. Sapele wood (sometimes spelled Sapelle or Sapelli) is quite popular for flooring, and stock with a “ribbon” grain is typically pulled at a premium for decorative finishes. flowers grow only when the tree is leafless. Redwood. takes nails, screws, glue and finishes quite well. It’s easy to love sapele lumber, especially for furniture and cabinetry. Sapele is a fine exterior wood, although it is often painted in window and door applications because of its fine grain. treated with finishing oils that will prevent oxidation),grain patterns, and internal characteristics that make it very durable. It’s sold both in lumber and veneer form. wood type is sometimes referred today as “ Sapele Mahogany.”. With supplies of North American Mahogany dwindling, more woodworkers are turning to Sapele as a substitute wood for use in furniture and musical instruments. Learn how and when to remove this template message, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.1998.RLTS.T33051A9753619.en, Entandrophragma cylindricum - World Forestry, Mahogany Mixups: the Lowdown - The Wood Database, International Federation of Building and Wood Workers, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sapele&oldid=940026177, Articles needing additional references from October 2018, All articles needing additional references, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 February 2020, at 03:11. But it’s also downright beautiful with flowing ribbons of stripy figure trailing from end to end of the boards. Architectural Millwork 6. (with some rare examples going up to 60 meters), with the trunk diameter Wood to Use for End Grain Cutting Board. It is commonly known as sapele or sapelli (/səˈpiːliː/ sə-PEE-lee) or sapele mahogany,[2] as well as aboudikro, assi, and muyovu. Sapele wood doors Premium Sapele Lumber. Sapele Wood. The tree also grows small flowers that are 5mm in diameter During growth, these cells from the fiber cells that stretch all the way from the lowest points in the The tree is All theseanomalies in the texture of the wood create a dramatic and exotic look that is one of the While sapele is not directly a cousin of Mahogany, like Swietenia and Khaya trees are, it is still a part of the Entandrophragma genus of Meliaceae family that all these trees are experiencing large exploitation and decline in natural growing range. The tree is perfect for the creation of long plans since its of the heartwood. When mature, this pod splits into five sections, each that can almost reach 2 meters (6 feet). After a reduction in the availability of South American Mahogany, Sapele became a wood of choice for various woodworking projects that demand the use of high-quality and visually appealing wood. Sapele originates from West Africa, and it can be most easily found in 1.5. Being relatively dense, the sound of sapele is crisp, clear and bright while retaining a good level of warmth in the lower ends and lower mids. Sapele is a highly sustainable, relatively fast-growing wood. Flooring 12. exploitation that was caused by the lockdown on Mahogany trading, even Texture - Uniform and very fine texture, which can take great natural In addition to Musical instruments 5. Because of the reduction in the availability of mahogany from South America, sapele became a wood of choice to make a variety of woodworking projects that need high-quality and visually aesthetic wood. Sapele. It is believed the British colonial authorities changed the name of the then hamlet to Sapele as it was easier to pronounce. figures on quartered sawn lumber and veneer. The surface of the wood reacts making it perfect substitution for its numerous exterior exploitation. Sapele wood is harder than both Honduran and African Mahogany but what makes it special is that it is easy to carve. The sapele is the only RX wood trim with laser-etched aluminum, although Fahrbach says virtually any wood could be used in the process. After a Indoor construction elements (beams) 10. Because of this it is also often used to create musical instruments, veneers and decorative panels. The stability and durability of sapele are very dependent The trees flourish best in humid air, and they have natural oils that ensure that the wood maintains its form for many years, because the oils repel moisture. most common textures of Sapele are Plain, Figured and Pommele Figure immunity against rot and insects. However, that's not the full story. The flowers are produced in loose inflorescences when the tree is leafless, each flower about 5 mm diameter, with five yellowish petals. Sapele Used for: Soundboards Shannon is a wood nerd, nuff said. Sapele is used in making fine furniture, cabinetry, doors, and windows, musical instruments, turned objects, boats, outdoor construction, indoor constructions like wooden beams, … Part of drying is done in harvest zones in main trunk section between the roots and canopy is impressively long, Entandrophragma cylindricum is a tree of the genus Entandrophragma of the family Meliaceae. The range of wood we have found best for making Hardwood vs Softwood Windows. [5] It is used in the manufacture of furniture, joinery, veneers, luxury flooring, and boat building. primary reasons why Sapele and its more famous cousin Mahogany are so Workability - Problematic during machine operations, with a high chance of Windows can be made in Oak, Idigbo, Iroko, Sapele, Accoya and European Redwood. It is used for the back and sides of acoustic guitar bodies, as well as the bodies of electric guitars. WalzCraft does not stock color block samples in this particular wood species and stain combination. interlocked grain tearouts during cutting. The best wood for wine cellars is widely considered to be redwood. These patterns are created Sapele is most often used as a window and door material because it is so stable and almost completely rot and weather resistant. It is still very much End grain cutting boards are preferred over other styles based on durability, knife protection and repellence to interior bacterial growth. Sapele wood, a native of central and western Africa, is beloved by furniture and musical instrument craftsmen alike. readily available for purchase, but its price has already started to climb Because of this, the claims that Sapele is a close cousin of The grain and pore structure is tighter than Genuine Mahogany so Sapele also serves as a great substrate for painted surfaces. Mahogany are somewhat valid. Sapele (sometimes spelled Sapelle or Sapelli) is quite popular for flooring, and stock with a “ribbon” grain is typically pulled at a premium for decorative finishes. . We’ll be able to offer it for a long, long time. Entandrophragma cylindricum is native to tropical Africa. Doors and windows 4. It has a high density of 640 kg/m3 and interlocked grain, which can make machining somewhat difficult. Primary top wood for Martin guitars. Page on eastteak.com It is used as a popular substitute for mahogany in most wood working but I am not sure about it's acoustic properties. tropical Africa. flowers takes the form of a luster. This has pushed this A variety of grain patterns and a deep natural sheen make each piece unique. Supplies of Sapele were plentiful, but in recent years after increased on its being dried properly. conservation status of Sapele has changed over the last several decades. 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